TABLE 3-1 The Nature and Extent of Alcohol-Related Suicide in Selected Studies of LargePopulations

Study Population (years)

N of Suicides

% Alcohol-Related

% (Legally) Intoxicateda

Avg.BAC

Reference

Cuyahoga County (Cleveland), OH (1959-1974)

(830)

28

20

Ford et al., 1979

Alaska (1983-84)

(195)

53

31

Hlady & Middaugh, 1988

Alaska Natives

 

(79)

(54)

 

Alaska Whites

 

(48)

(20)

 

Erie County (Buffalo), NY (1972-1984)

(806)

33

20

28% >.05

Welte et al.,1988

North Carolina (1973-1983)

(8,146)

35

26

Smith et al., 1989

Western Australia (1986-1988)

(515)

36

20

Hayward et al., 1992

Oklahoma (1978-1984)

(3,082)

40

24

Goodman et al., 1991

New Mexico (1990-1999)

(3,044)

44

May et al., in press

NM American Indians(1980-1998)

(439)

(69)

(62)

.136 (all suicides)

.197 (alcohol positive only)

 

_ = 38.4

_ = 23.5

 

sd = 8.2

sd = 4.5

 

md = 36

md = 22

 

weighted _ = 37.4

weighted _ = 24.7

 

aDefined in most studies in the United States as BAC > 0.10 gm/dl of blood and in the Australia and New Mexico studies, as > 0.0 8 gm/dl, the same as legal intoxication for driving a motor vehicle.

— data not available



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