Memorial Tributes

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING



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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10 Memorial Tributes NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Memorial Tributes Volume 10 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D. C. 2002

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10 International Standard Book Number 0-309-08457-1 Additional copies of this publication are available from: National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, N. W. Box 285 Washington, D. C. 20055 800–624–6242 or 202–334–3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area) B-467 Copyright 2002 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10 CONTENTS     FOREWORD,   xi     FREDERIC W. ALBAUGH, by Ersel A. Evans   3     HARVEY O. BANKS, by William J. Carroll   9     MELVIN L. BARON, by Jeremy Isenberg   15     MILO C. BELL, Written by Roy I. Jackson Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary   19     J. LEWIS BLACKBURN, by Walter A. Elmore   25     J. KEITH BRIMACOMBE, by Frank F. Aplan   29     GORDON S. BROWN, Written by J. Francis Reintjes Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary   35

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10     JOHN D. CAPLAN, Written by John Brus Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary   41     WALLACE L. CHADWICK, by Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr.   49     JULIAN D. COLE, by Marshall P. Tulin and Russell R. O’Neill   55     ALFRED R. COOPER, JR. , by William R. Prindle   61     GEORGES A. DESCHAMPS, by Yuen Tze Lo, Shung-Wu Lee, and Weng Cho Chew   67     J. PRESPER ECKERT, by Leo L. Beranek   71     HOWARD W. EMMONS, by Howard R. Baum and George F. Carrier   77     EUGENE G. FUBINI, by Bob O. Evans   83     DONALD F. GALLOWAY, by M. Eugene Merchant   87     H. JOSEPH GERBER, by Anthony J. DeMaria   95     EDWARD L. GINZTON, by Edward J. Barlow   101     ANDRÉ Y. GIRAUD, by Chauncey Starr   107

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10     JOHN V. N. GRANGER, by John R. Whinnery   111     JOHN E. GRAY, Written by Julian Steyn Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary   115     RICHARD W. HAMMING, by Herschel H. Loomis and David S. Potter   121     N. BRUCE HANNAY, by Morris Tanenbaum   127     CLAIR A. HILL, by Ben C. Gerwick   133     NICHOLAS J. HOFF, by George S. Springer   137     HOYT C. HOTTEL, by János M. Beér, Jack B. Howard, John P. Longwell, and Adel F. Sarofim   141     GEORGE R. IRWIN, by James W. Dally   147     BURGESS H. JENNINGS, by Morris E. Fine and Herbert S. Cheng   155     ROBERT A. LAUDISE, by John J. Gilman   159     HANS LIST, by Gordon H. Millar   165     HARVARD LOMAX, by Richard A. Seebass   169

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10     ALBERT G. MUMMA, by David S. Potter   175     RYOICHI NAKAGAWA, by Trevor O. Jones   179     KENNETH D. NICHOLS, by John W. Simpson   183     FRANKLIN F. OFFNER, by Alvin M. Weinberg and Peter J. Dallas   189     JOHN R. PHILIP, by Shlomo P. Neuman   195     OTTO H. SCHMITT, by Herman P. Schwan and David B. Geselowitz   201     JUDITH A. SCHWAN, by Leo J. Thomas   207     JOSEPH F. SHEA, by George E. Mueller   211     ROBERT S. SILVER, by Myron Tribus   217     WERNER STUMM, by James J. Morgan   223     VICTOR G. SZEBEHELY, by Richard H. Battin   229     HANS J. P. VON OHAIN, by William R. Sears   235     ELMER P. WHEATON, by James G. Wenzel   241

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10     EUGENE C. WHITNEY, by Edwin L. Harder and Lee A. Kilgore   249     FRANK WHITTLE, by Richard J. Coar   253     F. KARL WILLENBROCK, by John G. Truxal   261     CHIA-SHUN YIH, by Yuan-Cheng Fung   265     CHARLES A. ZRAKET, by Gerald P. Dinneen and Robert R. Everett   277     APPENDIX,   283     ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR THE PHOTOGRAPHS,   285

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Memorial Tributes: Volume 10 FOREWORD THIS IS THE TENTH VOLUME in the series of Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and foreign associates. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and foreign associates, the Academy carries out the responsibilities for which it was established in 1964. Under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering was formed as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. Members are elected on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or on the basis of demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. Together the National Academies share a responsibility to advise the federal government on matters of science and technology. The expertise and credibility that the National Academy of Engineering brings to that task stem directly from the abilities, interests, and achievements of our members and foreign associates, our colleagues and friends, whose special gifts we remember in these pages. W. Dale Compton Home Secretary

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