TABLE A-2 Elder Mistreatment Studies

Study

Methods

Selected Findings

Childs et al. (2000)

Design: Descriptive

Measure: (1) SVWS; (2) EAA BIS-R

Sample: Nonrandom: 422 young and 201 middle-aged adults

Theory: N/A

Middle-aged respondents viewed psychological behavior more harshly than younger respondent.s Both middle-aged women and young men were less tolerant of middle-aged perpetrators.

Data support relativistic nature of elder abuse.

Coyne et al. (1993)

Design: Descriptive survey

Measure: Demographics; Zarit Burden interview; Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale

Sample: 1,000 caregivers who called a telephone help line for dementia; 342 respondents

Mean age of caregiver 56.1; 54.5% were adult children caring for parents; 37.1% caring for spouses; 8.4% cared for other relatives. 11.9% reported they had been physically abusive toward dementia patients. Abusers had been providing care for more years; patients functioned at a lower level; caregivers had higher burden and depression scores.

Dyer et al. (2000)

Design: Case-control study

Intervention: Comprehensive geriatric assessment

Measure: Standard geriatric assessment tools

Sample: 47 older persons referred for neglect and 97 referred for other reasons

45 cases of abuse or neglect identified.

37 were self-neglect.

Elder mistreatment cases were more likely to be white and male.

Higher prevalence of depression and dementia.

Ertem et al. (2000)

Design: Descriptive

Method: Meta-analysis

Sample: 10 studies

10 studies: 4 cohort, 1 cross-sectional, and 5 case-control.

The RR of maltreatment in children of abused parents were significantly increased in 4 studies (RR 4.75-37.8). In 3 other studies the RR was less than 2.

Significant validity issues.



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