Study

Methods

Selected Findings

Pillemer and Moore (1989)

Design: Descriptive

Measure: CTS

Sample: 577 nursing personnel from 31 nursing homes in New Hampshire

36% of the sample had seen at least one incident of physical abuse in the preceding year.

Most frequent abuse observed was excessive restraint.

Second most frequent type was physical abuse.

81% observed at least one psychologically abusive incident in the preceding year.

10% of respondents reported committing physical abuse.

40% of respondents reported committing psychological abuse.

Pillemer and Suitor (1992)

Design: Descriptive

Method: Analysis of quantitative and qualitative data

Sample: 236 family caregivers for dementia victims

Characteristics predictive of violent feelings in caregivers included physical aggression by elder, disruptive behaviors, and a shared living situation.

Structural relationship and caregiver age were related to actual violence: spouses were more likely to be violent than other relatives, as were older individuals.

Violence by elder was positively related to caregiver violence.

Rosenblatt et al. (1996)

Design: Descriptive

Method: Analysis of State of Michigan records of reported cases of suspected elder abuse 1989–1993

Sample: 27,371 cases of possible elder mistreatment

17,238 of cases were older than age 65.

Physicians reported only 2% of cases.

Physician reporting rates did not increase over a 5-year period.



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