Ratzan, R. 1985 Technical aspects of obtaining informed consent from persons with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. In Alzheimer’s Dementia: Dilemmas in Clinical Research, V. Melnick and N. Dubler, eds. Clifton, NJ: Humana Press.

Runyan, D. 1999 Maltreatment in families: A research dilemma. In Beyond Regulations, N. King, G. Henderson, and J. Stein, eds. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

2000 The ethical, legal, and methodological implications of directly asking children about abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 15:675–681.

Sachs, G., and C. Cassel 1990 Biomedical research involving older human subjects. Law, Medicine & Health Care 18:234–243.

Sachs, G., J. Rhymes, and C. Cassel 1993 Biomedical and behavioral research in nursing homes: Guidelines for ethical investigations. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 41:771–777.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1981 Final Regulations Amending Basic HHS Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects. Federal Register 46:8366–8391.

1991 Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Common Rule). Federal Register 56:28,012–28,018.

1999 Additional Protections for Children Involved as Subjects in Research, Code of Federal Regulations 45:§ 46.408(c).

U.S. Food and Drug Administration 1999 Protection of Human Subjects. Code of Federal Regulations 21: Parts 50 and 56.

Wendler, D., and K. Prasad 2001 Core safeguards for clinical research with adults who are unable to consent. Annals of Internal Medicine 135:514–523.

World Medical Association 2000 Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Journal of the American Medical Association 284:3043–3045.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement