References

Arkansas. 1999. Permit for a Hazardous Waste Management Facility. Permit number 29-H. Little Rock, Ark.: Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology.


Blackwood, Milton E., Jr.1998. Beyond the Chemical Weapons Stockpile: The Challenge of Non-stockpile Materiel. Arms Control Today28(5). Also available at <http://www.armscontrol.org/act/1998_06-07/blajj98.asp>.

Booz-Allen and Hamilton, Inc.2000. Public Involvement Strategy for the Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project. March. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization.

Burns and Roe. 2001. PLASMOX Technology for the Destruction of Chemical Warfare Materiel. Burns and Roe and MGC-Plasma AG. October. Oradell, N.J.: Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc.


Creighton, J.L.1985. Public Involvement Guide. U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration. Portland, Ore.


DeMil International. 2001. Donovan Blast Chamber. Available at <http://www.demil.net/blastchamber.htm>.


EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1997. Military Munitions Rule. 62 FR 6621, February 12. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA. 1998. On-Site Incineration: Overview of Superfund Operating Experience. EPA-542-R-97-012. March. Available at <www.epa.gov/swertio1/products/costperf/incinrtn/intro.htm>.

EPA. 1999a. NESHAP: Final Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors (Phase I) Rule. 64 FR 52828, September 30. Available at <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust>.

EPA. 1999b. Hazardous Waste Combusters, Frequently Asked Questions. Available at <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/faqs.htm#dnf>.

EPA. 2000. Frequently Asked Questions on Final Rule on Hazardous Waste Combustion Emission Standards. Available at <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/faqs.htm> (last modified on 7/19/2000).

EPA. 2001a. NESHAP: Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors. 66 FR 35,087, July 3. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA. 2001b. Risk Burn Guidance for Hazardous Waste Combustion Facilities. EPA 530-R-01-001, July. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency.


Flamm, K.J., Q. Kwan, and W.B. McNulty. 1987. Chemical Agent and Munition Disposal: Summary of the U.S. Army’s Experience. Report SAPEO-CDE-IS-87005. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization.


Greenpeace. 2001. Ban the Burn. Available at <www.greenpeace.org/~toxics>.


Lynch, P.E.2002. Evaluation of PLASMA ARC Technology for Treatment of Non-Stockpile Chemical Warfare Materiel. February. Alameda, Calif.: Clearwater Revival Company.

NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


NRC. 1996a. Public Involvement and the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Letter Report from the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1996b. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. Committee on Risk Characterization, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1996c. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies, Board on Army Sciences and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1998. Using Supercritical Water Oxidation to Treat Hydrolysate from VX Neutralization. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999a. Disposal of Chemical Agent Identification Sets. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999b. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 2000a. Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: A



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References Arkansas. 1999. Permit for a Hazardous Waste Management Facility. Permit number 29-H. Little Rock, Ark.: Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology. Blackwood, Milton E., Jr.1998. Beyond the Chemical Weapons Stockpile: The Challenge of Non-stockpile Materiel. Arms Control Today28(5). Also available at <http://www.armscontrol.org/act/1998_06-07/blajj98.asp>. Booz-Allen and Hamilton, Inc.2000. Public Involvement Strategy for the Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project. March. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. Burns and Roe. 2001. PLASMOX Technology for the Destruction of Chemical Warfare Materiel. Burns and Roe and MGC-Plasma AG. October. Oradell, N.J.: Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc. Creighton, J.L.1985. Public Involvement Guide. U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration. Portland, Ore. DeMil International. 2001. Donovan Blast Chamber. Available at <http://www.demil.net/blastchamber.htm>. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1997. Military Munitions Rule. 62 FR 6621, February 12. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. EPA. 1998. On-Site Incineration: Overview of Superfund Operating Experience. EPA-542-R-97-012. March. Available at <www.epa.gov/swertio1/products/costperf/incinrtn/intro.htm>. EPA. 1999a. NESHAP: Final Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors (Phase I) Rule. 64 FR 52828, September 30. Available at <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust>. EPA. 1999b. Hazardous Waste Combusters, Frequently Asked Questions. Available at <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/faqs.htm#dnf>. EPA. 2000. Frequently Asked Questions on Final Rule on Hazardous Waste Combustion Emission Standards. Available at <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/faqs.htm> (last modified on 7/19/2000). EPA. 2001a. NESHAP: Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors. 66 FR 35,087, July 3. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. EPA. 2001b. Risk Burn Guidance for Hazardous Waste Combustion Facilities. EPA 530-R-01-001, July. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. Flamm, K.J., Q. Kwan, and W.B. McNulty. 1987. Chemical Agent and Munition Disposal: Summary of the U.S. Army’s Experience. Report SAPEO-CDE-IS-87005. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. Greenpeace. 2001. Ban the Burn. Available at <www.greenpeace.org/~toxics>. Lynch, P.E.2002. Evaluation of PLASMA ARC Technology for Treatment of Non-Stockpile Chemical Warfare Materiel. February. Alameda, Calif.: Clearwater Revival Company. NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996a. Public Involvement and the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Letter Report from the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996b. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. Committee on Risk Characterization, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996c. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies, Board on Army Sciences and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1998. Using Supercritical Water Oxidation to Treat Hydrolysate from VX Neutralization. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999a. Disposal of Chemical Agent Identification Sets. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999b. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2000a. Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: A

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Supplemental Review. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC2000b. A Review of the Army’s Public Affairs Efforts in Support of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Letter Report from the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001a. Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001b. Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001c. Disposal of Neutralent Wastes. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001d. Review of Proposed Process Changes for Expedited Disposal of the Aberdeen Stockpile of Bulk Mustard Agent. Ad Hoc Panel on Review of Proposed Process Changes for Expedited Disposal of the Aberdeen Stockpile of Bulk Mustard Agent. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2002a. Closure of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Disposal System. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2002b. Update on the Engineering Design Studies evaluated in the NRC report“Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot.”Letter Report from the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. OPCW (Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons). 2001. Unclassified Technical Assistance Visit Final Report. August 14. The Hague, Netherlands: Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Oregon. 1997. Permit for the Storage and Treatment of Hazardous Waste, Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. ID No. ORQ 000 009 431. Portland, Ore.: Department of Environmental Quality. Sandia National Laboratories. 2000. Explosive Destruction System Fatigue/ Life Cycle Analysis. Albuquerque: Sandia National Laboratories. Sierra Club. 2001. Guidance On Hazardous Waste Incinerators. Available at <www.sierraclub.org/toxics/factsheets/incineration.asp>. Smithson, A.E.1994. The U.S. Chemical Weapons Destruction Program: Views, Analysis, and Recommendations. Report Number 13. September 1994. Washington, D.C.: The Henry L. Stimson Center. Stone & Webster. 2001a. Evaluation of Donovan Blast Chamber for Destruction of Chemical Warfare Materiel, T-130. Prepared by Stone & Webster, Inc., for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. February 15. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. Stone & Webster. 2001b. Evaluation of the Limited Engineering-Scale Testing of the PLASMOX® Technology to Treat Chemical Warfare Materiel. July. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1993. Survey and Analysis Report. Prepared by the Project Manager for Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996. Survey and Analysis Report, 2nd edition (draft). Prepared by the Project Manager for Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel. December. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1999a. Binary Chemical Weapons. NSCMP information products brochure. Available at <http://www.pmcd.apgea.army.mil:80/nscmp/ip/bro/nacmp/binary.asp>. U.S. Army. 1999b. U.S. Army Proposed Utah Chemical Agent Rule (UCAR) for Consideration by the State of Utah, Volumes 1 and 2, U.S. Army Land Disposal Restrictions-Utah Group (LDRUG). May. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2000a. Chemical Weapons Destruction Complete on Johnston Atoll. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Public Affairs. November 30. Washington, D.C. U.S. Army. 2000b. Test of the Drill Through-Valve System at Porton Down, United Kingdom (Phase 2: Live Agent Tests), Final (Version 2). November. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2001a. U.S. Army Chemical Demilitarization Program Releases. Updated Official Schedule and Cost Estimates, Press Release. Information Office, October 4. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2001b. PMNSCM Schedule for Treatment of Non-Stockpile Inventory. September 25. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2001c. Transportable Treatment Systems for Non-Stockpile Chemical Warfare Materiel. Final Programmatic Environmental Statement. Volume 1. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2001d. Non-Stockpile Systems Program, Rapid Response System (RRS) After Action Report. Contract No. DAAA-09-95-D-0001, Task 0019. November. Prepared by Teledyne Brown Engineering. U.S. Army. 2001e. Rapid Response System Test Report. Final. October. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2001f. Memorandum for Record: Initial Assessment of the Donovan Controlled Chamber (CDC) Used in Belgium from 14 May through 22 June. Charles L. Twing, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Huntsville Engineering and Support Center, June 28. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2001g. Boneyard Clearance Project. Waste Management Plan. Appendix T, Section 36. Prepared for Rocky Mountain Remediation Venture Office. Morris Plains, N.J.: Foster Wheeler Environmental Corporation. U.S. Army. 2001h. Non-Stockpile Materiel Project Outreach Plan for Pine Bluff Arsenal, Final Working Draft. March. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 2002a. Spring Valley, Washington, D.C., Project Overview, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Baltimore District. Available at <http://www.nab.usace.army.mil/projects/WashingtonDC/springvalley/overview.htm>. U.S. Army. 2002b. Formerly Used Defense Sites, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Available at <http://hq.environmental.usace.army.mil/programs/fuds/fuds.html>. Yang, Y.1995. Chemical Reactions for Neutralizing Chemical Warfare Agents. Chemistry and Industry8(May 1): 334-337. Zepata Engineering. 2000. Tests of Blast Chamber for Destruction of Chemical Warfare Materiel. Draft 1 Engineering Report. September. Huntsville, Ala.: U.S. Army Engineering and Support Center.