Bin Laden, Osama, 295

Biometrics, 217, 226, 320, 329–330, 361

Bioterrorism, 7-8, 32, 65-67, 84-85, 104, 315-316.

See also Human and agricultural health systems

BLASTEX software, 255–256

Bomb Data Registry (FBI), 253, 257

Border Patrol, 213n

Bremer Commission, 336–337

Buildings, major and monumental, 252–258.

See also Cities and fixed infrastructure

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF), 121, 253, 257

Bureau of Reclamation, 252

Bush, George W., 1, 211, 281, 339

C

Catastrophic terrorism, 26–27

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 67–68, 75–77, 79–81, 85, 90, 101–102, 276, 354

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 318

Chemical agents. See also Toxic chemicals and explosive materials

approximate toxicity of selected chemical agents, 110

explosives, 49, 60, 112–113, 247, 257, 263

explosives detection, 114, 206, 228, 361

industrial chemicals, 111–112, 121–122, 128, 205, 211, 248

military chemical weapons, 109–111

sensors of, 113–117, 321

treatment of injuries that result from, 129–131

Chemical/Biological Incident Response Force (CBIRF), 129

Chemical Weapons Convention, 110–111

Cities and fixed infrastructure, 16–17, 31, 35, 238–266

electrical supply interruptions, 252

emergency operations centers, 239–245

information technology systems and communications, 252

major and monumental buildings, 252–258

stadiums and other places for large public gatherings, 258–261

transportation and distribution systems, 252

underground facilities, including tunnels, 262–265

water supply and wastewater systems, 245–252

Civil liberties. See Privacy and civil liberties

Coding issues. See Computer code

Cold War, 5, 29, 59, 283, 338, 370

Collaboration, cross-agency, 331–332, 338–339, 350

Command, control, communications, and information (C3I) systems, 11, 146, 148, 158–166.

See also Communications for first responders

ad hoc interoperability, 159–160

communications during an emergency, 160–163, 165–166

Commercial value for counterterrorism technologies and dual-use strategies, 23, 33, 132, 334, 360–362

in the bioterrorism area, 67–68, 97, 131

information technology, 149, 361

sensors, 117, 132, 361

transportation systems, 220–223, 232, 361

Commission on Aviation Safety and Security in the White House, 219n, 221n, 227n

Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism, 3, 183n

Communication with the public, 17, 62, 93–94, 162–163, 275–276

Communications for first responders, 2, 11, 137, 144, 146, 158–166, 172, 174, 230, 241, 243, 245, 258, 277

Complex and interdependent systems, 18–19, 31, 35, 287–312.

See also Systems analysis and systems engineering

counterterrorism threat modeling, 294–300

implications for education, 309–310

infrastructure modeling, 300–305

modeling challenges for counterterrorism, 305–309

systems approach to counterterrorism, 288–290

systems management issues, 290–294

Computer code, improving, 154–155, 367

Computer Emergency Response Team, 145

Congress, 339–340, 342, 345–350, 354, 363

Congressional Budget Office (CBO), 350

Congressional Research Service (CRS), 350, 370

CONWEP software, 255–256



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