Following the meeting, the panel met to summarize the workshop discussions and to draw conclusions about ways to enhance data collection and analysis in order to strengthen and target enrollment and retention efforts and to support evaluation of the SCHIP program. This report contains the panel’s summaries of the workshop discussions around three issues: determining the size of the eligible population (Chapter 2), enrollment (Chapter 3), and disenrollment (Chapter 4). Chapter 5 discusses several cross-cutting themes that affect multiple program goals. At the end of each of Chapters 2-5, the panel lists conclusions focused on the capacity to evaluate and monitor the SCHIP program. Reviewing the SCHIP activities of the states not included in the workshop was beyond the scope of the panel’s charge. The conclusions are those of the panel and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of either the workshop participants or the sponsors of the workshop. Although the panel sometimes based its conclusions directly on suggestions made by workshop participants, the conclusions evolved from subsequent discussion and synthesis of the issues, and some were not explicitly discussed in the workshop itself. The final chapter is a summary of the highlights of the workshop.