feral species, 87

food safety, 62

inserts, 45

marker genes, 44-45

pathogens, 7, 19, 23, 37, 44-45, 56, 62, 65

xenotransplantation, 56

Beef and dairy cattle, 7, 8-9, 12, 16-17, 19, 20, 24, 39, 63-64, 70-71, 83

animal health and welfare, 94, 95

bovine somatotropin (BST), 28, 109

bovine spongiform encephalopathy

(BSE), 37, 63

bovine spongiform encephalopathy, 37

embryo splitting (EMS), 63-64

genetic diversity, 49

immunodeficiency virus, 53

knockout techniques, 37

milk and milk products, 5, 7, 8, 12, 16-20 (passim), 24-28 (passim), 34, 51, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 70, 71, 81, 85, 102, 109, 113

nuclear transfer, 40, 63-64

regulatory issues, 62

steroids, 27

Bioactivity, 7, 66, 69-71

Biomedical applications, see Medical Applications

Birds, see Avian species;

Poultry and eggs

Blastodermal cells, 35

Blastomere nuclear transfer (BNT), 8, 18, 25-27, 31, 63-64

Boiler chickens, see Poultry and eggs

Bovine somatotropin (BST), 28, 109

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), 37, 63

Breeding, conventional, 3, 23-24, 26, 80, 104

animal health and welfare, 93-95

artificial insemination (AI), 4, 9, 12. 19, 23-24, 65, 77, 93-95

food safety, 65

genetic diversity, 48-49

germline modification and, 42

historical perspectives, 4, 20-21

marker-assisted selection and, 28-29

C

Cancer, 43-44

leukemia, 46, 47, 52-53

Cats, 10, 46, 53, 83, 87

Cell cultures, 35

animal health and welfare, 94-96

knockout/knockin techniques, 38

marker genes, 45

nuclear transfer, 40

pharmaceuticals, 52

transposons, 37

xenotransplantation, 55-56

Cellular biology, general, 6, 31, 35, 69

see also DNA;

RNA

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 113-114

Center for Veterinary Medicine, 114, 114

Chickens, see Poultry and eggs

Chromosomes, 35, 48, 95

see also DNA

Cloning, 12, 15, 25-27, 31

animal health and welfare, 100-102, 104-105, 107

blastomere nuclear transfer (BNT), 8, 18, 25-27, 31, 63-64

committee study at hand, methodology, 2, 4, 8-9

defined, 18

embryo splitting (EMS), 8, 26, 63-64

food safety, 61, 63-65

genetic diversity reduced through, 48-49

somatic cell nuclear transfer, 5, 18, 39-40, 47-49, 61, 64, 100-102



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