another up and sometimes wrestle. Using his deception test, Marston monitored their systolic blood pressure while they watched the hazing rites. Sorority girls were also the subject of a few of Larson’s early case studies of deception (Matte, 1996).

Marston also was featured in a razor blade advertisement that appeared in several popular magazines including the Saturday Evening Post and Life. The ad shows Marston analyzing a polygraph tracing while a man is shaving and includes the following text (Saturday Evening Post, October 8, 1938):

Strapped to Lie Detectors, the same scientific instruments used by Gmen and police officers throughout the country, hundreds of men take part in an astounding series of tests that blast false claims and reveal the naked truth about razor blades. These men, shaving under the piercing eye of Dr. William Moulton Marston, eminent psychologist and originator of the famous Lie Detector test, come from all walks of life, represent all types of beards and every kind of shaving problem. Knowing that the Lie Detector tells all . . . these men shave one side of the face with a Gillette Blade, the other side with substitute brands.

In 1940, when he was serving as an educational consultant for Detective Comics, Inc. (now known as DC Comics), Marston asked why there was not a female hero. Max Gaines, then head of DC Comics, was intrigued by the concept and told Marston that he could create a female comic book hero—a “Wonder Woman”—which he did, using a pen name that combined his middle name with Gaines’s: Charles Moulton.

Wonder Woman first appeared in a nine-page center spread in the December-January 1941 issue of All Star Comics. Then, in January 1942, she debuted in Sensation Comics number one, with a full version of her origin and her first adventure, armed with her bulletproof bracelets, magic lasso, and her Amazonian training. For our purposes, Wonder Woman’s magic lasso is her most notable possession and a link to the original and modern myth of the invincibility of the polygraph:

The magic lasso was supposedly forged from the Magic Girdle of Aphrodite, which Wonder Woman’s mother was bequeathed by the Goddess. Hephastateus borrowed the belt, removed links from it, and that is where the magic lasso came from. It was unbreakable, infinitely stretchable, and could make all who are encircled in it tell the truth (

In a 1943 issue of The American Scholar, Marston said:

Not even girls want to be girls so long as our feminine archetype lacks force, strength, and power. Not wanting to be girls, they don’t want to be tender, submissive, peace-loving as good women are. Women’s strong qualities have become despised because of their weakness. The

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