Accuracy of polygraph testing.

See also Criterion validity

beliefs about, 7, 20, 22, 54, 55, 59, 79-80, 90-91, 189, 190, 198, 219- 220, 221

computer voice stress analyzer compared, 168

computerized scoring systems, 298, 299-300, 318-320, 330

countermeasures and, 101, 139-148, 151

defined, 31

diagnostic testing analogy, 7, 128-130, 149

drug effects, 86, 138-139, 142, 150

evidence of, 213-215

in field studies, 148, 350-353

format of test and, 89, 124-125, 127-128, 134-135, 136, 138, 139, 254, 346

funding source and, 347-351

historical claims, 107, 294-296

in laboratory studies, 121-125, 148, 150, 204, 344-349, 350, 351

motivational effect, 127-128, 144, 147, 150, 152 nn.1&2

overall, 2-3, 4, 24, 148-149, 212-213

parallel combined tests, 367-368

personality differences of individuals and, 135-136, 150

physiological differences of individuals and, 94, 101, 134- 135, 150

in reality vs. laboratory experiments, 102, 126-130, 132-133, 143-144, 182, 204

reports to Congress, 114

for security screening, 31, 34-35, 36-37, 48, 60, 66, 95, 101, 130-134, 148, 153 n.7

of serial combination tests, 369

sociocultural group identity of examinees and, 101, 136-137, 150

specific incident, 101, 121-130, 148

Test of Espionage and Sabotage (TES), 34-35, 131-132

with thermal imaging, 157

trends, 125, 345-347

variability across studies, 124, 150

Acquaintance test. See Stimulation test

Air Force Office of Special Investigations, 263

Airport security screening analogy, 33

Al Qaeda terrorist network, 193, 211 n.6

Alcohol intoxication, 139

Alternative techniques and technologies

autonomic indicators, 80, 154, 155-157, 174

brain function measurement, 80, 104 n.9, 154-155, 157-162, 174-175

classes of techniques, 154-155

demeanor, 52, 155, 163-170, 175-176, 201

direct investigation, 155, 170-173, 176, 201

need for evaluation, 7-8, 176, 217

research approach, 99, 227-228

theoretical limitations, 80, 99, 170, 175, 217

American Association of Police Polygraphists, 278

American Polygraph Association, 278

Anthrax terrorism, 193

Anxiety, 135, 142, 158

Arousal theory, 74, 76, 77, 82, 103 n.7, 127, 156, 287.

See also Psychophysiological responses

Autonomic indicators, 80, 154, 155-157, 174

Assessment of validity. See Accuracy measurement;

Construct validity;

Criterion validity;

Qualitative assessment of polygraph testing;

Quantitative assessment of polygraph testing



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