Connections with the Larger Scientific Community. In designing state demonstration programs the phase two committee should consider providing opportunities for interactions between Ph.D. teachers and the scientific community in academia and industry. Respondents were very likely to consider teaching if they were given funding and time to attend at least one scientific meeting during the school year. We also found that respondents would consider teaching if they were guaranteed a summer fellowship, with travel expenses, in a research laboratory. The phase two committee should consider how states could develop links to universities and businesses to provide summer research opportunities for Ph.D.s, as they already do for science teachers in some states. Finally, the scientific community will need to provide these Ph.D.s with support and treat them as colleagues throughout their careers.