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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa
Geographic Data and Information Needs
Mineral resource management
• Distribution of mineral resources
• Administrative data on exploration and prospecting activities
Human health management (equitable distribution of health facilities; early diagnosis, prompt treatment and environmental management; hygiene education)
• Demographic data
• Location and capacity of existing facilities and population centers
• Distribution of disease vectors
• Distribution of water pockets for remedial action
• Distribution, flow, and chemical characteristics of water courses
SOURCE: Adapted from ECA (2001)
Burrough, P. A. 1986. Principles of Geographic Information Systems for Land Resource Assessment. Monographs on Soil and Resources Survey No. 12, New York: Oxford University Press.
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Dernbach, J. C. 2002. Sustainable Development: Now More Than Ever. Environmental Law Reporter 32 (1):10003-10019.
EIS-Africa (Environmental Information Systems-Africa). 2001. Environmental Information Systems Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Approaches, Lessons and Challenges, E. Gavin and J. Gyamfi-Aidoo, eds. EIS-Africa.
Fukuda-Parr, S., C. Lopes, and K. Malik. 2002. Capacity for Development: New Solutions to Old Problems. London: Earthscan Publications.
Geography Education Standards Project. 1994. Geography for Life: National Geography Standards. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.
GISD (Geographic Information for Sustainable Development). 2002. Geographic Information for Sustainable Development. Available at <www.opengis.org/gisd>. Accessed May 15, 2002.
Jensen, J. R. 2000. Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
NRC (National Research Council). 1999. Our Common Journey: a Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
NRC. 2002. Community and Quality of Life: Data Needs for Informed Decision Making. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Star, J. L. and J. Estes. 1990. Geographic Information Systems: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development). 1992. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992. Rio de Janeiro: UN. (Annex I: Rio Declaration; Annex II: Agenda 21).
WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). 1987. Our Common Future. New York: Oxford University Press.