TABLE 3-4 Southern African Organizations, Programs, and Activities Using Geographic Data

Organization

Applications of Geographic Data

African Wildlife Foundation

Wildlife conservation; habitat protection; landscape ecology; community-based natural resource management

Miombo Network

Land-use and land-cover change detection

Okavango Wildlife Society

Wildlife and ecological management

Program for Regional Information Sharing and Management on Environment and Sustainable Development (PRISMES), World Bank

Natural resource management

Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) Program (Namibia)

Ecosystem management; wildlife

Geologic Survey (Namibia)

Mineral resources; geological engineering; land-use planning

University of Namibia, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies

Physical and human geography; environmental planning; regional studies

Regional Centre for Southern Africa

Natural resources management; agriculture

World Wildlife Foundation’s Living in a Finite Environment Programme (Namibia)

Natural resource management

World Wildlife Fund’s Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE Programme) (Zimbabwe)

Natural resource management

Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Development Unit (Zimbabwe)

Food security; natural resource management; early warning; vulnerability assessment

Desert Research Foundation of Namibia

Desertification; ecosystem function and structure

National Forest Research Center (Namibia)

Desertification; forestry; remote sensing; horticulture

SAFARI 2000

Land-atmosphere processes

Southern African Fire Network (SAFNET)

Monitoring burned areas (natural and anthropogenic fires)

Flood Hazard Monitoring (Mozambique)

Flood prediction models; rainfall analysis

Institute for Fisheries Management and Coastal Community Development (IFM)

Fisheries management and development

SUMMARY

Africa’s geographic information community is diverse and growing. This chapter highlights some of the applications of geographic data to environmental and developmental challenges. The next chapter explores how these diverse activities can be linked together through spatial data and telecommunications infrastructures.

REFERENCES

CRSP (Cooperative Research Support Programs). 2002. Historical Perspectives and U.S. Government Policy. Available at <http://crsps.unl.edu/whycrsps.htm>. Accessed May 7, 2002.


FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2002. Available at <http://www.fao.org/>. Accessed May 20, 2002.

FEWS NET (Famine Early Warning System Network). 2002. Available at <http://www.fews.net/>. Accessed May 20, 2002.


GISD (Geographic Information for Sustainable Development). 2001. Available at <http://www.opengis.org/gisd/> Accessed May 20, 2002.


LEWS (Livestock Early Warning System). 2001. Available at <http://cnrit.tamu.edu/lews/description.html> Accessed May 20, 2002.


RCMRD (Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development). 2002. Available at <http://www.rcmrd.org/AboutUS/AboutUSIndex.htm>. Accessed June 25, 2002.



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