containing these inhibitors and infant leukemia overall was observed. However, when the two subgroups of infant leukemia—acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia—were analyzed separately, strong and significant associations were seen for the myeloid leukemia but not for the lymphocytic leukemia.

Research linking diet and childhood cancers has been limited to brain tumors and leukemia. For most other childhood cancers, no studies have investigated the role of diet, said Bunin; thus, additional research on other childhood cancers may detect new risk factors.


Years of research have resulted in a number of advances in the prevention and treatment of cancer, leading to an increase in survivorship across many cancers. While these results are promising, some researchers and community leaders have questioned whether the results are universal for all areas of our populations. Special populations such as migrant farmworkers, children, immigrants, and ethnic groups will have to be included in future research to ensure that they are also able to benefit from the new advances in research. Further understanding of environmental exposures in various subgroups through longitudinal studies will be necessary to more carefully identify risk in these groups, according to some participants.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement