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A Century of Ecosystem Science: Planning Long-Term Research in the Gulf of Alaska References Anderson, P.J., and J.F.Piatt. 1999. Community reorganization in the Gulf of Alaska following ocean climate regime shift. Marine Ecology Progress Series 189:117–123. Baines, G., and N.Williams. 1993. Partnerships in tradition and science. Pp. 1–12 in N.Williams and G.Baines (eds.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Wisdom for Sustainable Development. Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. Carpenter, S.R., J.F.Kitchell, and J.R.Hodgson. 1985. Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. BioScience 35:634–639. Castellano, M.B. 1993. Aboriginal organizations in Canada: Integrating participatory research. Pp. 145–155 in P.Park, M.Brydon-Miller, B.Hall, and T.Jackson (eds.), Voices of Change: Participatory Research in the United States and Canada. Bergin & Garvey, London. Chambers, R. 1997. Whose Reality Counts: Putting the First Last. Intermediate Technology Publications, London. Driskell, W.B., J.L.Ruesink, D.C.Lees, J.P.Houghton, and S.C.Lindstrom. 2001. Long-term signal of disturbance: Fucus gardneri after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Ecological Applications 11(3):815–827. Erikson, K. 1994. A New Species of Trouble: Explorations in Disasters, Trauma, and Community. W.W.Norton, New York. EVOSTC (Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council). 2001. Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring and Research Program (GEM). NRC Review Draft. Volume I: Strategic Plan for Monitoring and Research. Volume II: The Historical Legacy: Building Blocks for the Future. Volumes I and II together are referred to in this report as the GEM Science Plan. EVOSTC (Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council). 2000a. Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring: A Sentinal Monitoring Program for the Conservation of the Natural Resources of the Northern Gulf of Alaska. GEM Science Program NRC Review Draft April 21, 2000. EVOSTC (Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council). 2000b. Can we predict the ways of the sea? Restoration Update 7(1):2, 10–11. Ford, J. 2001. The relevance of indigenous knowledge to contemporary sustainability. North-west Science 7:185–190.
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A Century of Ecosystem Science: Planning Long-Term Research in the Gulf of Alaska Francis, R.C., and S.R.Hare. 1994. Decadal-scale regime shifts in the large marine ecosystems of the north-east Pacific: A case for historical science. Fisheries Oceanography 3:279–291. Glaesel, H., and M.Simonitsch. 2001. The Discourse of Participatory Democracy in Marine Fisheries Management. Paper presented at the Putting Fishers’ Knowledge to Work Conference, University of British Columbia, Fisheries Centre, August 27–30, 2001. Hall, B. 1981. Participatory research. Popular Knowledge and Power: A personal reflection. Convergence 14:6–19. Holland, J., and J.Blackburn (eds.). 1998. Whose Voice: Participatory Research and Policy Change. Intermediate Technology Publications, London. Hollowed, A.B., and W.S.Wooster. 1995. Decadal-scale variations in the eastern subarctic Pacific. II. Response of northeast Pacific fish stocks. Pp. 373–385 in R.J.Beamish (ed.), Climate Change and Northern Fish Populations. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, No. 121. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa. Hood, D.W. 1986. Physical Setting and Scientific History. Pp. 5–27 in D.W.Hood and S.T. Zimmerman (eds.), The Gulf of Alaska: Physical Environment and Biological Resources. MMS publication number MMS86–0095. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Minerals Management Service, Washington, D.C. IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission). 2000. Strategic Design Plan for the Coastal Component of the Global Ocean Observing System. October 2000. GOOS Report No. 90. 99 pp+6 annexes. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 1986. Tradition, Conservation and Development. Occasional newsletter of the Commission on Ecology’s Working Group on Traditional Ecological Knowledge. No. 4. International Union for Conservation of Nature, UK. Johannes, R. (ed.) 1989. Traditional Ecological Knowledge: A Collection of Essays. Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, UK. Kimmerer, R.W. 2000. Native knowledge for native ecosystems. Journal of Forestry 98:4–9. Mantua, N.J., and S.R.Hare. In press. The Pacific decadal oscillation. Journal of Oceanography. Martinez, D. 1994. Traditional environmental knowledge connects land and culture. Winds of Change Autumn 89–94. McCready, S. 2001. The Discovery of Time. Sourcebooks, Inc., Naperville, Ill. Monson, D.H., D.F.Doak, B.E.Ballachey, A.Johnson, and J.L.Bodkin. 2000. Long-term impacts of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on sea otters, assessed through age-dependent mortality patterns. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(12):6562–6567. NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Review of EPA’s Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program: Overall Evaluation. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC (National Research Council). 1996. The Bering Sea Ecosystem. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC (National Research Council). 1999a. Sustaining Marine Fisheries. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC (National Research Council). 1999b. Global Ocean Science: Toward An Integrated Approach. National Academy Press, Washington D.C. NRC (National Research Council). 2000. Ecological Indicators for the Nation. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC (National Research Council). 2001. The Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring Program: First Steps Toward a Long-Term Research and Monitoring Plan. Interim Report. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
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A Century of Ecosystem Science: Planning Long-Term Research in the Gulf of Alaska Paine, R.T., J.L.Ruesink, A.Sun, E.L.Soulanille, M.J.Wonham, C.D.G.Harley, D.R. Brumbaugh, and D.L.Secord. 1996. Trouble on Oiled Waters: Lessons from the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. Annual Review of Ecological Systems 27:197–235. Pajak, P. 2000. Sustainability, ecosystem management, and indicators: Thinking globally and acting locally in the 21st century. Fisheries 25:16–25. Park, P. 1993. What is participatory research: A theoretical and methodological perspective. Pp. 1–9 in P.Park, M.Brydon-Miller, B.Hall, and T.Jackson (eds.), Voices of Change: Participatory Research in the United States and Canada. Bergin & Garvey, London. Park, P., and L.L.Williams. 1999. From the guest editors: A theoretical framework for participatory evaluation research. Sociological Practice 1:89–100. Picou, J.S., and D.A.Gill. 1996. The Exxon Valdez oil spill and chronic psychological stress. Pp. 879–893 in S.D.Rice, R.B.Spies, D.A.Wolfe, and B.A.Wright (eds.), Proceedings of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium, volume 18. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Md. Rose, D. 1993. Reflections on ecologies for the twenty-first century. Pp. 115–118 in N.Williams, and G.Baines (eds.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Wisdom for Sustainable Development. Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. Royer, T.C. 1993. High latitude oceanic temperature variability associated with the 18.6 year nodal tide. Journal of Geophysical Research 98:4639–4644. Sustainable Biosphere Initiative. 1996. Ecological Resource Monitoring: Change and Trend Detection. Recommendations from a workshop held May 1–3, 1996, in Laurel, Maryland. Ecological Society of America, Washington, D.C. Weisberg, S.B., T.L.Hayward, and M.Cole. 2000. Towards a US GOOS: A synthesis of lessons learned from previous coastal monitoring efforts. Oceanography 13(1):54–61.
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