a portfolio of four major programs: the NIST Laboratories, the Baldrige National Quality Program, the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, and the Advanced Technology Program. Brown oversees an $800-million annual operating budget and 3,300 onsite staff complemented by 2,000 manufacturing and business specialists serving smaller manufacturers around the country. Effective January 21, 2001, Dr. Brown was designated to serve as Acting Under Secretary for Technology of the Commerce Department’s Technology Administration.

She came to NIST as deputy director in January 1999. Previously she was a Distinguished Engineer at IBM Microelectronics in Hopewell Junction, N.Y. Dr. Brown also served (on assignment from IBM) as director of lithography for SEMATECH from 1994 to 1998. During her 22-year career at IBM she concentrated on solving problems in semiconductor lithography and microelectronics. She has a proven track record in management, having successfully met the challenges of moving ideas from the laboratory into manufacturing. She also has a keen awareness of the impact of national and international standards on U.S. industry and the economy, having held a variety of standards leadership positions in Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International and helping to bring a semiconductor fabrication line on board in France.

A native of Schenectady, N.Y., Dr. Brown holds a B.A. in chemistry and in history and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Rochester.

MAKARAND CHIPALKATTI

Dr. Chips Chipalkatti is marketing and technical manager for LED Light Sources and is responsible for starting up and managing OSRAM Sylvania’s LED lamp modules business for General Lighting, in collaboration with sister concern OSRAM Opto Semiconductors. Prior to his current position, Dr. Chipalkatti led OSRAM Sylvania’s OLED research and development, and worked on projects involving optical polymers, molecular semiconductors, and automotive and electrical applications. He began his career at GTE Laboratories, Inc., working with polymers in automotive, electronics, lighting applications and in fiber optics.

He holds a Ph.D. in Polymer Science and Engineering from the University of Massachusetts; an M.S. degree in Chemical Engineering from Michigan Technological University; and a B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay.

M. GEORGE CRAFORD

M. George Craford is the Chief Technology Officer of LumiLeds Lighting. He obtained a BA degree in Physics from the University of Iowa in 1961 and a Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of Illinois in 1967. Dr. Craford began his professional career as a research physicist at Monsanto Chemical Company. Initially, his research dealt with the development of optoelectronics materi-



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