BOX 3-1
Bacterial and Viral Threat Agents Associated with Animals

Category A Diseases/Agents

High-priority agents include organisms that pose a risk to national security because they can be easily disseminated or transmitted from person to person, cause high mortality and have the potential for major public health impact, might cause public panic and social disruption, and require special action for public health preparedness.

Category B Diseases/Agents

Second highest priority agents include those that are moderately easy to disseminate, cause moderate morbidity and low mortality, and require specific enhancements of CDC's diagnostic capacity and enhanced disease surveillance.

Category C Diseases/Agents

Third highest priority agents include emerging pathogens that could be engineered for mass dissemination in the future because of availability, ease of production and dissemination, and potential for high morbidity and mortality and major health impact.

Category A Bacterial Agents

Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)

Yersinia pestis (Plague)

Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)

Category B Bacterial Agents

Coxiella burnetti (Q Fever)

Brucella species (Brucellosis)

Bukholderia mallei (Glanders)

Clostridium perfringens Epsilon Toxin

Staphylococcus aureus Enterotoxin B

Category C Bacterial Agents

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Category A Viral Agents

Viral hemorrhagic fever

Lassa fever

Rift Valley fever

Ebola hemorrhagic fever

Marburg hemorrhagic fever

Category C Viral Agents

Hantavirus

Nipah virus (encephalitis)

Yellow fever

said. There is more awareness of the possibility of tampering or the premeditated manufacture of harmful products, including the pirating of existing products. Concerns about terrorism have also prompted the agency to issue guidance to food producers and processors to help them identify their risks and to establish new relationships with intelligence and law enforcement agencies to enhance intelligence gathering.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement