incursion could have on the nation. The individuals on the first line of defense—the producers, veterinarians, and processors—have inadequate training in recognition of many diseases. An educational campaign to increase awareness and to train the first line of defense could have far-reaching impacts.

  • Laboratory infrastructure There was concern about the ability of state and federal laboratories to run a large number of tests in the event of an outbreak such as the one that occurred in the United Kingdom. Additionally, state diagnostic laboratories may benefit from improved information and partnering during technology development.

  • Confidentiality It is possible that the handling of FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) requests will need to be reevaluated in light of producers’ fears about disclosures that could cause them to be targeted by regulators, extremist groups, or disgruntled consumers.

  • Coordination and communication For all of these issues, stronger communication, collaboration, and cooperation is encouraged, with involvement of all stakeholders—federal and state agencies, academics, and industry. Only with the synergy provided through collaboration can the significant gaps in the system be effectively addressed.

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