APPENDIX E
Reference Materials Listed within this Report

Any current comprehensive, printed, list of reference materials for ocean science would quickly become obsolete as new materials are produced and others go out of stock. Perhaps the most complete list produced to date is that assembled by Dr. Adrianna Cantillo of the NOAA Status and Trends Program:

Cantillo, A.Y. 1995. Standard and Reference Materials for Environmental Science (Part 1 and Part 2). NOAA Technical Memo. 94. NOAA/ NOS/ORCA, Silver Spring, MD. 752 pp.

Another list of environmentally relevant reference materials is maintained at the IAEA web-site (http://www.iaea.or.at/programmes/nahunet/e4/nmrm/). Nevertheless, new materials are produced each year, and older ones run out and are not replaced so it is important to keep such lists current.

Clearly this is an arena in which computer database technology has a major role to play. Perhaps the best developed such database is COMAR (an index Code of Reference Materials). This database tries to provide an up-to-date way to locate CRMs from all around the world. The Central Secretariat is presently housed at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany. Further information is available at the COMAR website (http://www.comar.bam.de/). Nevertheless, this database is not restricted to ocean science applications (indeed



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Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science APPENDIX E Reference Materials Listed within this Report Any current comprehensive, printed, list of reference materials for ocean science would quickly become obsolete as new materials are produced and others go out of stock. Perhaps the most complete list produced to date is that assembled by Dr. Adrianna Cantillo of the NOAA Status and Trends Program: Cantillo, A.Y. 1995. Standard and Reference Materials for Environmental Science (Part 1 and Part 2). NOAA Technical Memo. 94. NOAA/ NOS/ORCA, Silver Spring, MD. 752 pp. Another list of environmentally relevant reference materials is maintained at the IAEA web-site (http://www.iaea.or.at/programmes/nahunet/e4/nmrm/). Nevertheless, new materials are produced each year, and older ones run out and are not replaced so it is important to keep such lists current. Clearly this is an arena in which computer database technology has a major role to play. Perhaps the best developed such database is COMAR (an index Code of Reference Materials). This database tries to provide an up-to-date way to locate CRMs from all around the world. The Central Secretariat is presently housed at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany. Further information is available at the COMAR website (http://www.comar.bam.de/). Nevertheless, this database is not restricted to ocean science applications (indeed

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Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science they represent a very small fraction of available reference materials), and is not particularly user-friendly. There is thus a need for a searchable, ocean science specific, database of currently available reference materials, and one of the recommendations of this report is that such a database be developed and maintained by the ocean science community. Reference materials cited in this report, currently available for use in ocean science. Identifier Matrix Analyzed For Source (see footnotes) Ocean CO2 RMs Natural Seawater Total Dissolved Inorganic carbon, Total Alkalinty Dr. A. G. Dickson, U.C. San Diego(1) DOC-CRM Natural Seawater Dissolved Organic Carbon Dr. D. Hansell, U. Miami(2) FIRI A, B (†) Kauri Wood pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow (3) FIRI C Turbidite Carbonate pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow FIRI E Humic Acid pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow FIRI G, J Barley Mash pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow FIRI H German Oak Dendro-dated Wood pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow FIRI I Belfast Scots Pine Dendro-dated Wood Cellulose pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow FIRI K Cambridge Dendro-wood Whole Wood & Cellulose pMC Dr. E. M. Scott, U. Glasgow IAEA-315 (*) Marine Sediment Radionuclides IAEA (4) IAEA-356 (*) Polluted Marine Sediment Trace Elements & Methyl Mercury IAEA IAEA-368 (*) Marine Sediment Radionuclides IAEA IAEA-381 Natural Seawater Radionuclides IAEA IAEA-383 (*) Marine Sediment Organic Contaminants IAEA IAEA-384 (*) Lagoon Sediment Radionuclides IAEA (available soon) IAEA-408 (*) Marine Sediment Organic Contaminants IAEA

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Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science Identifier Matrix Analyzed For Source (see footnotes) IAEA-C1 Carrara Marble δ13C, pMC IAEA IAEA-C2 Freshwater Travertine δ13C, pMC IAEA IAEA-C3 Cellulose, 1989 Growth of Tree δ13C, pMC IAEA IAEA-C5 Sub-fossil Wood E. Wisconsin Forest δ13C, pMC IAEA IAEA-C6 Sucrose (ANU) δ13C, pMC IAEA IAEA-CO-1 CaCO3 (Carrara Marble) δ13C IAEA IAEA-CO-8   (IAEA-KST) CaCO3 (Calcite) δ13C IAEA IAEA-CO-9   (IAEA-NZCH) Barium Carbonate δ13C IAEA LSVEC   SRM 8455 Lithium Carbonate δ13C IAEA (out of stock at NIST) SRM 1648 (*) Urban Atmospheric Particulate Trace Elements NIST(5) SRM 1649A (*) Urban Dust Organic Constituents NIST SRM 1650A (*) Diesel Particulate Organic Constituents NIST (being replaced) SRM 1939 (*) River Sediment PCBs & Chlorinated Pesticides NIST SRM 1941B (*) Marine Sediment Various Organics NIST (in prep.) SRM 1944 (*) New York/New Jersey Waterway Sediment Various Organics NIST SRM 1945 (*) Whale Blubber PCBs & Chlorinated Pesticides NIST SRM 4321C 1 M HNO3 238U, 235U, 234U NIST SRM 4325 BeCl2 solution 10Be/9Be NIST SRM 4339B 1.4 M HCl ? 228Ra NIST (in prep.) SRM 4350B River Sediment Radionuclides NIST SRM 4357 Marine Sediment Radionuclides NIST SRM 4361C Water 3H NIST SRM 4969 1.5 M HCl 226Ra NIST SRM 4990C Oxalic Acid Powder 14C NIST RM 8452 Sucrose (ANU) δ13C, pMC NIST SRM 8454 CaCO3 δ13C, δ18O NIST, IAEA NBS 19 (TS-limestone)   RM 8539 Oil δ2H, δ13C NIST, IAEA NBS 22  

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Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science Identifier Matrix Analyzed For Source (see footnotes) RM 8540 PEF1 Polyethylene δ2H, δ13C NIST, IAEA IAEA-CH-7   RM 8541 C (graphite) δ13C NIST, IAEA USGS24   RM 8562 CO2 gas δ13C NIST, IAEA RM 8563 CO2 gas δ13C NIST, IAEA RM 8564 CO2 gas δ13C NIST, IAEA IAEA-NGS1 Natural Gas (Coal) δ2H, d13C NIST-ACG(6) IAEA-NGS2 Natural Gas (Oil) δ2H, d13C NIST-ACG IAEA-NGS3 Natural Gas (Biogenic) δ2H, δ13C NIST-ACG HISS-1 (*) Marine Sediment Trace Metals NRC-IMB, Canada(7) HS-3B (*) Harbor Sediment Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons NRC-IMB, Canada HS-4B (*) Harbor Sediment Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons NRC-IMB, Canada HS-5 (*) Harbor Sediment Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons NRC-IMB, Canada HS-6 (*) Harbor Sediment Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons NRC-IMB, Canada SES-1 (*) Estuarine Sediment Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons NRC-IMB, Canada CARP-2 (*) Ground Whole Carp Organochlorine Compounds NRC-INMS, Canada(8) DOLT-2 (*) Dogfish Liver Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada DORM-2 (*) Dogfish Muscle Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada LUTS-1 (*) Non-defatted Lobster Hepatopancreas Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada MESS-3 (*) Marine Sediment Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada NASS-5 Natural Seawater Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada PACS-2 (*) Marine Sediment Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada TORT-2 (*) Lobster Hepatopancreas Trace Metals NRC-INMS, Canada IAPSO Standard Seawater Natural Seawater Salinity Ocean Scientific International Ltd.(9) CSK Standard Solutions (various) 3.05% NaCl Solution Nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, silicate Wako Pure Chemical Industries(10) CSK Standard Solution Potassium Iodate (0.0100N) For oxygen titration Wako Pure Chemical Industries MAG-1 (*) Marine Sediment Elemental Composition USGS(11)

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Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science Table Footnotes †4th International Radiocarbon Intercomparison (Bryant et al., 2001; Boaretto et al., in press): http://www.stats.gla.ac.uk/~marian/intercomp.html *These RMs were suggested in Table 4.2 as materials that could be useful for organic analyses (though not explicitly designed for such constituents). Sources for RMs mentioned in Table: (1) Dr. Andrew Dickson: http://www-mpl.ucsd.edu/people/adickson/CO2_QC/ (Contact: co2rms@mpl.ucsd.edu) (2) Dr. Dennis Hansell: http://www.bbsr.edu/Labs/hanselllab/crm.html (Contact: wenchen@rsmas.miami.edu) (3) Prof E M Scott, Dept of Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QW UK (marian@stats.gla.ac.uk) (4) IAEA: http://www.iaea.org/programmes/aqcs/ (5) NIST: http://ts.nist.gov/ts/htdocs/230/232/232.htm (6) NIST Atmospheric Chemistry Group: http://www.cstl.nist.gov/div837/837.01/outputs/standards/StdMat.htm (7) NRC-IMB, Canada: http://www.imb.nrc.ca/crmp_e.html (8) NRC-INMS, Canada: http://www.ems.nrc.ca/ems1.htm (9) Ocean Scientific: http://www.oceanscientific.com/seawaterdivision.htm (10) Although these were originally distributed by the Sagami Chemical Research Center, they are now available from Wako Pure Chemical Industries through their on-line catalog (Keyword: CSK): http://www.wako-chem.co.jp/specialty/ (11) U.S. Geological Survey: http://minerals.cr.usgs.gov/geo_chem_stand/ Additional sources for Reference Materials: (1) A limited selection of environmental reference materials is also available from the European Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements in Belgium: http://www.irmm.jrc.be/ (2) International Steering Committee for Black Carbon Reference http://www.du.edu/~dwismith/bcsteer.html