Appendix C
Biographical Sketches

Paul R. Sackett (Chair) is professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. His research interests revolve around legal, psychometric, and policy aspects of psychological testing, assessment, and personnel decision making in workplace settings. He has served as the editor of Personnel Psychology, as president of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, as co-chair of the Joint Committee on the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, as a member of the National Research Council’s Board on Testing and Assessment, and as chair of the American Psychological Association’s Board of Scientific Affairs. He has a Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology from Ohio State University.

David J. Armor is professor of public policy in the School of Public Policy at George Mason University, where he teaches statistics and social policy and conducts research in education, military manpower, and family policy. He began his research in military manpower while at the Rand Corporation. Between 1986 and 1989 he served as principle deputy and acting assistant secretary for force management and personnel in the Department of Defense. He was a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Military Enlistment Standards. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University.

Jerald G. Bachman is program director and distinguished senior research scientist in the Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His scientific publications focus



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Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruitment Appendix C Biographical Sketches Paul R. Sackett (Chair) is professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. His research interests revolve around legal, psychometric, and policy aspects of psychological testing, assessment, and personnel decision making in workplace settings. He has served as the editor of Personnel Psychology, as president of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, as co-chair of the Joint Committee on the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, as a member of the National Research Council’s Board on Testing and Assessment, and as chair of the American Psychological Association’s Board of Scientific Affairs. He has a Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology from Ohio State University. David J. Armor is professor of public policy in the School of Public Policy at George Mason University, where he teaches statistics and social policy and conducts research in education, military manpower, and family policy. He began his research in military manpower while at the Rand Corporation. Between 1986 and 1989 he served as principle deputy and acting assistant secretary for force management and personnel in the Department of Defense. He was a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Military Enlistment Standards. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. Jerald G. Bachman is program director and distinguished senior research scientist in the Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His scientific publications focus

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Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruitment on youth and social issues. His current research interests include drug use and attitudes about drugs; youth views about military service; other values, attitudes, and behaviors of youth; and public opinion as related to a number of other social issues. He is a principal investigator on the Monitoring the Future project and the principal investigator on the Youth Attitudes about Military Service project. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. John Sibley Butler is a professor of management and sociology at the University of Texas at Austin. He is chair of the Department of Management in the Graduate School of Business. He has written extensively on military organizations and race relations and the military. He has also explored many entrepreneurial issues, including the development of business incubators by immigrant groups and the general area of entrepreneurship. His primary research areas include formal organizations/ organizational behavior and sociology of economics, with an emphasis on organizations and entrepreneurships. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from Northwestern University. Marilyn Dabady (Senior Research Associate) is study director for the National Research Council’s Panel on Methods for Assessing Discrimination at the Committee on National Statistics. Her background is in social psychology, organizational behavior, and human resource management. Currently, her main areas of interest are interpersonal and intergroup relations; prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination; and diversity management. She has a bachelor’s degree in psychology from the University of Albany, State University of New York, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in psychology from Yale University. John Eighmey is professor of journalism and mass communication in the Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication at Iowa State University. He is an authority on advertising and marketing communication, consumer research, and communication management. He has held senior management positions at the Federal Trade Commission in Washington, DC, and at Young & Rubican, a worldwide advertising agency based in New York City. He has a Ph.D. in marketing from the University of Iowa. Martin Fishbein is the Harold C. Coles distinguished professor of communications in the Annenberg School at the University of Pennsylvania. His areas of expertise include attitude theory and measurement, communication and persuasion, behavioral prediction and change, and intervention development, implementation, and evaluation. He also has carried out studies of the relations among beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and

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Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruitment behaviors in field and laboratory settings. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of California at Los Angeles. Carolyn “Sue” Hofstrand is the director of counseling and guidance at Taylor High School in Volusia County, Florida. She is a nationally certified school counselor with experience at elementary, middle, high, and postsecondary schools. She serves as director of a comprehensive counseling program and is involved in leadership positions in counseling organizations at the state, local, and national levels. She has a master’s degree in education, counseling, and guidance from North Dakota State University, where she serves on the board of visitors for the College of Education and Human Resources. Paul F. Hogan is vice president and senior economist at The Lewin Group in Fairfax, Virginia. He has more than 20 years of experience in applying microenonomics, statistics, and operations research methods to problems in labor economics, including labor supply and demand, efficient staffing methods, and performance and cost measurement. He served as the senior analyst on the President’s Military Manpower Task Force and as director of Manpower Planning and Analysis in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the office charged with staffing methods and criteria used by military departments to determine demands for personnel. His doctoral studies include economics, econometrics, and finance at the University of Rochester. Carolyn Maddy-Bernstein is an education consultant whose work includes research and service in career and technical education, guidance and counseling, and educating students who are members of special populations. From 1988 to 1999, she served as director of the Office of Student Services for the National Center for Research in Vocational Education at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. As a Louisiana State University faculty member, she taught and worked on research and service projects funded by the Governor’s Office of Workforce Development and the Department of Education. She has been a public school teacher, counselor, and administrator and has worked at the secondary and postsecondary levels. She has a Ph.D. in education from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Robert D. Mare is professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of California at Los Angeles. He serves as director of the California Center for Population Research and a co-principal investigator at the California Census Research Data Center. He is an expert in the areas of demography, quantitative methodology, stratification/mobility, and

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Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruitment education. He has dealt with such issues as educational attainment, school enrollment, and intergenerational educational mobility; changes in marriage patterns and their implications for inequality; the effects of differential fertility and social mobility on inequality; and the determinants and consequences of trends in the youth labor force. He is a former editor of Demography, the official journal of the Population Association of America. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Michigan. Anne S. Mavor (Study Director) is the staff director for the Committee on Human Factors and the Committee on the Youth Population and Military Recruitment. Her previous National Research Council work has included studies on occupational analysis and the enhancement of human performance, modeling human behavior and command decision making, human factors in air traffic control automation, human factors considerations in tactical display for soldiers, scientific and technological challenges of virtual reality, emerging needs and opportunities for human factors research, and modeling cost and performance for purposes of military enlistment. For the past 25 years her work has concentrated on human factors, cognitive psychology, and information system design. She has an M.S. in experimental psychology from Purdue University. Jeylan T. Mortimer is professor of sociology and director of the Life Course Center at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. Her interests focus on adolescent development and the social psychology of work. She directs the Youth Development Study, a longitudinal assessment of the implications of early work experience for adolescent development, the transition to adulthood, socioeconomic attainment, and early adult mental health. She has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Michigan. Carol A. Mutter is a retired lieutenant general of the United States Marine Corps. Her experience has been in research, development, and acquisition, as well as financial management, logistics, personnel administration, and equal opportunity. In her most recent Marine Corps assignment, she was the senior Marine Corps personnel management executive, making policy for and managing the careers and quality of life of all Marines and civilians working for the Marine Corps. She currently serves on the National Advisory Council of the Alliance for National Defense, the Advisory Board for the Indiana Council on World Affairs, and is the National President of the Women Marines Association, as well as a senior fellow at the Joint Forces Staff College. She has an M.A. in national security and strategic studies from the Naval War College in Newport, RI.

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Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruitment Luther B. Otto is William Neal Reynolds distinguished professor of sociology emeritus at North Carolina State University, Raleigh. His research focuses on youth and careers. He directed the Career Development Study, a detailed study of the early career histories of 7,000 young men and women from the time they were juniors in high school through age 30. He has published numerous articles, chapters, and books on youth and careers. He served two four-year terms on the Basic Social-Cultural Research Review Committee of the National Institutes of Health. He has been active in professional associations, has served in a number of editorial capacities, and frequently consults with federal and state agencies and private foundations on issues related to youth, education and work. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. William J. Strickland is vice president of the Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) in Alexandria, Virginia. He also directs its Workforce Analysis and Training Systems Division. He is a retired Air Force colonel who was director of human resources research at the U.S. Air Force Armstrong Laboratory. In that position, he was responsible for all Air Force research in the areas of manpower and personnel, education and training, simulation and training devices, and logistics. Earlier in his career, he commanded an Air Force recruiting squadron, was the chief of market research for Air Force recruiting, and was the deputy director for operations for Air Force recruiting. A fellow of the American Psychological Association, he is a past president of its Division of Military Psychology. He has a Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology from the Ohio State University. Nancy T. Tippins is president of the Selection Practice Group of Personnel Research Associates, Inc. in Arlington Heights, IL. She is responsible for the development and execution of the firm’s strategies related to employee selection, assessment, and development. Prior to joining the firm, she spent over 20 years managing personnel research functions involved in selection methods, staffing policies and procedures, equal employment opportunity and affirmative action, outplacement and downsizing, human resource services, and surveys for GTE, Bell Atlantic, and Exxon Company, USA. She has a Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

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