REFERENCES

Abootalebi, Ali R. 1999 Islam, Islamists, and Democracy. [Online]. Available: http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/1999/issue1/jvol3no1in.html [Accessed June 26, 2002].

Alam, Shah 2000 Conservatives, Liberals and the Struggle Over Iranian Politics. [Online]. Available: http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/sa/sa_jun00als01.html [Accessed June 26, 2002].

Arquilla, John, and David Ronfeldt 2001 Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.

Auda, Gehad 1994 The “normalization” of the Islamic movement in Egypt from the 1970’s to the early 1990’s. In Accounting for Fundamentalisms: The Dynamic Character of Movements, M. Marty and R.S. Appleby (eds.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Bandura, Albert 1998 Mechanisms of moral disengagement. Pp. 161-191 in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, Walter Reich (ed.). Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.

Boulby, Marion 1999 The Muslim Brotherhood and the Kings of Jordan, 1945-1993. Atlanta: Scholars Press.


Chung, Chien-peng 2002 China’s “war on terror.” Foreign Affairs 81(4): 8-12.

Crenshaw, Martha 1997 Unintended consequences: How democracies respond to terrorism. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 21:2, Summer/Fall:153-60.

1999 How terrorism ends. Pp. 2-4 in Special Report: How Terrorism Ends. Washington, DC: U.S. Institute of Peace.


Dekmejian, R. Hrair 1995 Islam in Revolution: Fundamentalism in the Arab World. 2nd ed. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Donahue, Laura K. 2001 “In the Name of National Security: U.S. Counterterrorist Measures, 1960-2000.” BCSIA Discussion Paper 2001-6, ESDP Discussion Paper ESDP-2001-04, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.


Erickson, Bonnie 1981 Secret societies and social structures. Social Forces 60(1):188-210


Ferracuti, Franco 1998 Ideology and repentance: Terrorism in Italy. Pp. 59-64 in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, Walter Reich (ed.) Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.


Guenena, Nemat 1986 The “Jihad”: An Islamic alternative in Egypt. Cairo Papers in Social Science, Vol. 9, Monograph 2 (Summer).



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Discouraging Terrorism: Some Implications of 9/11 REFERENCES Abootalebi, Ali R. 1999 Islam, Islamists, and Democracy. [Online]. Available: http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/1999/issue1/jvol3no1in.html [Accessed June 26, 2002]. Alam, Shah 2000 Conservatives, Liberals and the Struggle Over Iranian Politics. [Online]. Available: http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/sa/sa_jun00als01.html [Accessed June 26, 2002]. Arquilla, John, and David Ronfeldt 2001 Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy. Santa Monica, CA: RAND. Auda, Gehad 1994 The “normalization” of the Islamic movement in Egypt from the 1970’s to the early 1990’s. In Accounting for Fundamentalisms: The Dynamic Character of Movements, M. Marty and R.S. Appleby (eds.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Bandura, Albert 1998 Mechanisms of moral disengagement. Pp. 161-191 in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, Walter Reich (ed.). Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Boulby, Marion 1999 The Muslim Brotherhood and the Kings of Jordan, 1945-1993. Atlanta: Scholars Press. Chung, Chien-peng 2002 China’s “war on terror.” Foreign Affairs 81(4): 8-12. Crenshaw, Martha 1997 Unintended consequences: How democracies respond to terrorism. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 21:2, Summer/Fall:153-60. 1999 How terrorism ends. Pp. 2-4 in Special Report: How Terrorism Ends. Washington, DC: U.S. Institute of Peace. Dekmejian, R. Hrair 1995 Islam in Revolution: Fundamentalism in the Arab World. 2nd ed. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. Donahue, Laura K. 2001 “In the Name of National Security: U.S. Counterterrorist Measures, 1960-2000.” BCSIA Discussion Paper 2001-6, ESDP Discussion Paper ESDP-2001-04, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Erickson, Bonnie 1981 Secret societies and social structures. Social Forces 60(1):188-210 Ferracuti, Franco 1998 Ideology and repentance: Terrorism in Italy. Pp. 59-64 in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, Walter Reich (ed.) Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Guenena, Nemat 1986 The “Jihad”: An Islamic alternative in Egypt. Cairo Papers in Social Science, Vol. 9, Monograph 2 (Summer).

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Discouraging Terrorism: Some Implications of 9/11 Gurr, Ted 1998 Terrorism in democracies: Its social and political bases. Pp. 86-102 in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, Walter Reich (ed.). Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Hamzeh, A. Nizar 1997 Islamism in Lebanon: A Guide. [Online]. Available: http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/1997/issue3/jvol1no3in.html [Accessed June 26, 2002]. Hoffman, Bruce 1998 Inside Terrorism. New York: Columbia University Press. 2001 All you need is love. Atlantic Monthly [Online]. Available: http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/2001/12/hoffman.htm [Accessed February 13, 2002]. Ibrahim, Saad Eddin 1980 Anatomy of Egypt’s militant Islamic groups: Methodological note and preliminary findings. International Journal of Middle East Studies 12(4):423-453 (December). 2002 Egypt, Islam, and Democracy. Cairo, Egypt: American University in Cairo Press. International Crisis Group 2002 The IMU and the Hizb-ut-Tahir: Implications of the Afghanistan Campaign. ICG Asia Briefing Paper, Osh/Brussels, 30 January. Kellen, Konrad 1979 Terrorists—What are They Like? How Some Terrorists Describe Their World and Actions. Santa Monica, CA: RAND. Kepel, Gilles 2002 Jihad: The trail of political Islam. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Kleiman, Mark A.R. 1992 Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results. New York: Basic Books. Krueger, Alan and Jitka Maleckova 2002 Does poverty cause terrorism? New Republic 226(24):27-34. Lewis, Bernard 2002 What Went Wrong? Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Library of Congress 1999 The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why? Report prepared under an interagency agreement by the Federal Research Division, Hudson, Rex. Washington, DC: Library of Congress. [Online]. Available: http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Sociology-Psychology%20of%20Terrorism.htm [Accessed: June 26, 2002] Lofland, John 1966 Doomsday Cult: A Study of Conversion, Proselytization, and Maintenance of Faith . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Maddy-Weitzman, Bruce 1996 The Islamic challenge in North Africa. Terrorism and Political Violence 8(2):171-188 (Summer). McCauley, Clark In press Psychological issues in understanding terrorism and the response to terrorism in The Psychology of Terrorism, Christopher Stout (ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.

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