cities, the municipal governments should undertake comprehensive development planning and provide additional road space and improve traffic management while minimizing social disruption. The new construction in cities should not be limited to ring roads and flyover highways; arterials also should be improved to relieve congestion in the neighborhoods and business areas while increasing the proportion of urban space dedicated to transportation. Meanwhile, the available schemes for road pricing should be explored to provide incentives for more efficient use of road space and financial resources for road maintenance and construction.
As motorization proceeds rapidly in China, it is imperative that attention be directed to providing public transportation that is convenient, comfortable, sufficiently widespread, safe, and affordable. Recognizing that the fraction of the population that will own personal cars will be small for many years, China must maintain a balance between public transportation, nonmotorized vehicles, and private cars to ensure that the nondriving public, including bicyclists, is served adequately.