D.J. Wald, V. Quitoriano, T.H. Heaton, H. Kanamori, C.W. Scrivener, and B. Worden, Trinet “shakemaps”: Rapid generation of peak ground motion and intensity maps for earthquakes in Southern California, Earthquake Spectra, 15, 537-555, 1998.


Such capabilities could be of great value following an earthquake when communication and transportation are difficult. Examples include improved coordination of the response of firefighting and medical efforts, as well as routing and prioritizing the overload of telephone calls in the critical hours after an earthquake.


Office of Technology Assessment, Reducing Earthquake Losses, OTA-ETI-623, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 162 pp., 1995.


One example of this holistic approach to hazard mitigation is the Natural Hazards Center of the University of Colorado, which is a national clearinghouse for information on natural hazards mitigation, with emphasis on social and political aspects (<www.colorado.edu/hazards>).


See <http://peer.berkeley.edu/lifelines/>.


See <http://www.cityofseattle.net/projectimpact/>.


The NSF Directorate of Engineering funds the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (<http://peer.berkeley.edu/>), the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (<http://mceer.buffalo.edu/>), and the Mid-America Earthquake Center (<http://mae.ce.uiuc.edu/>).


NEES will provide real-time remote access to a complete set of testing and experimental facilities, making them widely available to earthquake engineers. The on-line network, or “collaboratory,” will furnish researchers across the country with shared-use access to advanced equipment, databases, and computer modeling and simulation tools (<http://www.eng.nsf.gov/nees/>).


The NSF and USGS sponsor the Southern California Earthquake Center, which involves 40 universities, government laboratories, and other public and private research organizations. The USGS also maintains major centers for earthquake research in Menlo Park, California, and Golden, Colorado.

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