detection, location, and evaluation of the extent of certain hazards using satellite data.

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration: The Solid Earth and Natural Hazards Program sponsors research and disaster reduction based on remote-sensing technologies such as the Global Positioning System and synthetic aperture radar.

The National Earthquake Loss Reduction Program was proposed in 1996 to coordinate these activities (4), but it has never been fully implemented.

NOTES

1.  

Office of Science and Technology, Earthquake Prediction: A Proposal for a Ten Year Program of Research, White House, Washington, D.C., 134 pp., 1965.

2.  

Among the reports that led to congressional enactment of NEHRP were the following: Ad Hoc Interagency Working Group, Proposal for a Ten-Year National Earthquake Hazard Program, Federal Council for Science and Technology, Washington, D.C., 1968; National Research Council, Earthquake Engineering Research, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1969; General Accounting Office, Need for a National Earthquake Research Program, GAO report B-175621, Washington, D.C., 1972; Earthquake Prediction and Hazard Mitigation, Options for USGS and NSF Programs, National Science Foundation and U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C., 1976. An interesting account of the programmatic development of earthquake science in the United States is given by R.E. Wallace in Earthquakes, Minerals, and Me, Oral History Interviews with S. Scott, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-260, Menlo Park, Calif., pp. 60-84, 1996.

3.  

Earthquake Hazards Reduction Authorization Act of 2000, Public Law 106-503.

4.  

National Earthquake Strategy Working Group, Strategy for National Earthquake Loss Reduction, prepared for the National Science and Technology Council, April 1996, <http://www.ostp.gov/NSTC/html/USGS/>.



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