Basic Safety Earthquake, 169

Basin effects, 82, 193-194

see also Sediments and sedimentary basins

hazard analysis, 112, 151, 371, 375

wave propagation, 193, 194, 302, 311, 375

Bathymetry, 137-140, 217, 224, 357

Berkeley Digital Seismic Network, 185

Blind thrust faults, 84-85(n.9), 128, 129, 208, 225, 226, 228, 356

Bolivia, 50, 300

Borah Peak earthquake, 50, 131-132

Boreholes, 99, (n.112), 113, 189, 209, 215, 226, 239, 240, 283, 353, 365-366, 367, 371, 389-390, 397

Bridges, 15, 82, 87(n.27), 109, 152-153, 304, 309

Brittleness, 46, 108, 256, 300, 385

brittle-ductile boundary, 36, 47, 48, 231-233

crustal deformation, 1, 11, 26, 269

volcano seismology, 198, 199, 201

Broadband instruments, 40, 161, 174(n.101), 176, 179, 180, 185, 187, 190, 191, 198, 305, 351, 354, 358

Building codes, 2, 6, 66-68, 80, 152, 154-159, 163, 309

cost factors, 6

historical perspectives, 66-68, 70-74

International Building Code, 113

performance-based engineering, 155-159

public education, 379-380

seismic hazard maps, 79, 122

soil conditions and, 105(n.162), 113, 155, 307-308

Uniform Building Code (UBC), 66, 71, 73, 79, 113, 322

Buildings, 2, 6, 8, 10, 11, 14, 28, 54, 62, 66, 82, 122, 149, 155, 157, 159, 190, 352, 371, 373, 377, 397

deformation, 157, 377

foundations, 66, 67, 87(n.27), 152, 156

ground shaking, 67-68, 70-71, 73, 152, 157, 158-159

high-rise buildings, 71, 190

hospitals, 152, 397

masonry buildings, 6, 67, 109

seismic hazard maps, 79, 122

Building Seismic Safety Council, 153

Burridge-Knopoff spring-slider models, 260

C

Calaveras fault (California), 293, 297

California, 2, 6, 67-69, 71-73, 75, 77, 78, 82, 123-129, 193-196, 206, 213, 222, 228, 240, 266, 267, 268

see also Los Angeles, California;

San Andreas fault;

San Francisco, California

Alaskan earthquake, tsunamis, 44-45

engineering, 152-153, 155, 164

Global Positioning System (GPS), 203-205, 210

Hayward fault, 85(n.15), 123, 128, 293

hazard analysis, 14, 60, 114, 123-129, 131, 152-153, 363

San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), 189, 280, 354, 364, 366, 368, 374, 382, 392

Southern California Earthquake Center, 128, 190, 318, 356, 376

Hector Mine earthquake, 13, 50, 128, 206, 211, 213

Imperial fault, 67, 74, 123, 268, 321, 336(n.100, n.104), 339(n.127), 340(n.132)

Landers earthquake, 50, 128, 207, 272, 296, 297

Loma Prieta earthquake, 28, 50, 60, 112, 153, 212, 286, 304

legislation, 67, 118, 153

Northridge earthquake, 50, 73, 111-112, 118, 131, 156, 187, 289, 309, 312, 322, 323, 379

Parkfield, 60, 64, 71, 189, 211, 297, 366

seismic networks, 180, 185

subsidence, 114

warning systems, 161, 162

California Division of Mines and Geology, 318

California Geological Survey, 190

California Integrated Seismic Network, 185

California Strong-Motion Instrument Program, 190

Canada, 186, 190, 212, 229, 355

Cataclastic processes, 26, 238, 276, 278, 366

Casualties, 62, 149, 376, 379

Centroid moment tensor, 182, 184

Characteristic earthquakes, 55, 56, 60, 122, 259, 261, 267, 275, 315-316, 317-318, 322, 359



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