1. What is an oxidation potential? How is it related to the free energy change for electron transfer reactions?

  2. What is the meaning of the half-life in radioactive decay?


Students should be able to:

  1. calculate the buffer ratio needed to achieve a given pH from the pKa of the buffer components.

  2. write the kinetic expressions corresponding to various simple reaction mechanisms, including the correct time and concentration dimensions.

  3. analyze whether an enzyme inhibitor is competitive or non-competitive from the kinetic plot.

  4. explain what competitive and non-competitive inhibition indicates about the likely mechanism of inhibition.

  5. write a balanced equation for an oxidation reaction, for instance.

Analytical and Spectroscopic Measurements


  1. what physical process is involved in the absorption of ultraviolet light? of infrared light?

  2. what process is involved in the diffraction of x-rays?

  3. what is electrophoresis?

  4. what is HPLC? gas chromatography? mass spectrometry?

  5. what is fluorescence? phosphorescence?

  6. what does ESR measure?

  7. what is the physical process involved in nuclear magnetic resonance?

  8. what determines the chemical shift of a proton in NMR? its coupling constant with another proton?

  9. which common nuclei can be detected by NMR?


Students should be able to:

  1. examine an NMR spectrum and indicate the chemical shifts and coupling constants for the various signals.

  2. predict the NMR spectrum that would be seen for the protons of ethanol, and for the carbons of ethanol.

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