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lIPlI~O)KEHHE ~ oPrAHI13AUHM, HMElO~HE OTHOIIIEHlIE K JlAliOPATOPHbIM ~K~BOTHbIM AMep~KaHcKa~ Alcoa no aKKpe,~TosaH~o shapes American Association for accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAAMC),1130 Rockville Pike, Suite 1211, Rockville, MD 20852-3035 (Te~.: 301-231-5353; franc: 301- 231-8282; an. Aorta: accredit@aaalac.org). ,~aHHa~ HeKoMMep~ecKa~ accounaun~ 6~a cos,~aHa B 1965 r. se,~ymuMn Hay~HuMn ~ y~e6HuMn opraHnsaun~Mn CIIIA c ~e~B~o co,~encTsu~ 06eCHeHeHHIO B~COKOrO KaHeCTBa CO~ep~aHH~ ~ ~CHO~B3OBaH~ *HBOTH~X, a TaK*e rIosumeHnIo yposH~ 6noMe'~nHcKnx ncc~e'~osaHnn ~ o6y~eHnH rlyTeM peat ,~06poBo~BHon rIporpaMMM aKKpe,~nTOBaHHH. JlIo60e ylIpe*,~eHne, KOTOpOe 3aHuMaeTc~ co,~ep~aHneM, lICrIO3IB30BaHHeM, HMrIOpTHpOBaHHeM ~n pa3Be'~eHHeM ~a6opaTopHux *HBOTHuX B Hay~HuX Rebox, HMeeT rIpaBo o6paTHTBcH B AAALAC 3a aKKpe,~nTOBaHHeM. crIe~Ha~ncTM B o6~acTH HayKH O ~a6opaTopHux ~BOTHuX rIoce~aloT BuBapHn HHOrO y~pe*~eHn~, T~aTe~BHO HpOBepHIOT yC~OBH~ co~ep~aHn ncrIo~B3osaHH~ *HBOTHuX ~ rIpe,~CTaB~IOT rIo'~po6HMn OTHeT B coBeT rIo aKKpe~HTOBaHHIO. COBeT paCCMaTpUBaeT 3a~s~eHne y~pe~eHn~, OTHeT O pe3y~BTaTaX UHCHeK~H, pyKOBO~CTBy~CB HpH ATOM Tpe60BaHH~MU >, ~ Hp~HUMaeT pe~eHHe o6 aKKpe~HTOBaHHH. AKKpe~HTOBaHHMe y~pe~eH~ rIo'~aIoT e~ero'~HMe oTlIeTM O COCTO~HHn BlIBaplIeB lI lIpOXO,~T lIHCTIeK~HOHHMe rIpoBepKH KaK M~HuMyM pa3 B 3 ro,~a. coBeT rIo aKKpe'~nToBaHnIo paCCMaTpUBaeT e~ero,~H~Ie OTIIeTEI y~pe~eH~ ~ pe3y~BTaTEI UHCHeK~HOHHEIX rIpOBepOK C Lle~BIo rIp~H~TH~ peIIIeHH~ O B03MO*HOCTH rIpo'~eHH~ CpOKa aKKpe~HTOBaHHH. AKKpe'~nToBaHHEIn BuBapHn rIony~aeT CepTH~nKaT, y'~ocToBepHIo~n ero o+HLlHa~BHoe aKKpe,~nTOBaHHe, ~ BHOCHTCH B rIepelIeHB TaKHX BuBapHeB, rIy6~nKyeMBIx Acco~Ha~Hen. MHorne HaCTHEIe 6~0Me,~nHCKne opraHH3a~n HaCTOSITe~BHO peKOMeH~yIOT, HTO6BI BCe HO~yUeHHEIe rpaHTEI 6BI~H r~o,~,~ep~aH~I r~porpaMMaMn, aKKpe,~nTosaHH~IMn AAALAC. IIo~Hoe aKKpe,~nTosaHne AAALAC paccMaTpusaeTc~ C~y*60H Ha~HOHa~EHEIX lIHCTlITyTOB 3~paBOOXpaHeH~ H0 3a~HTe OT pUCKa HpH HpOBe~eHHU Ha - HEIX ncc~e,~osaHnn (Office for Protection from Research Risks of the National Institutes of Health) KaK y6e~HTe~EHOe ~OKa3aTe~ECTBO TOrO, HTO ~aHHEIU BlIBaplIlI COOTBeTCTByeT Tpe60BaH~M CJI - 6BI 3~pasooxpaHeH~ (Public Health Service). AMep~KaHcKa~ accoL~aL~ IIO HayKe 0 JIa60paTOpHblX ^MBOTHblX American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS), 70 Timber Creek Drive, Suite 5, Cordova, TN 38018 (TeJI.: 901-754-8620; ~aKc: 901-753-0046; 3JI. rIOIITa: info@aalas.org; URL: http//www.aalas.org). 108

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IZP~JIO~EH~E ~ - OMAHA, ~MEIO~E OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 109 AALAS ~B~eTc~ rIpo~eccuoHa~BHon HeKoMMep~ecKon opraHn3aunen, O )~e~HHRIO~eH HaCTHEIX ~~ ~ y~pe~eHH~, CBH3aHHEIe C HpOH3BO~CTBOM, CO~ep~aHHeM ~ H3y~eHHeM *HBOTHEIX, ~CHO~B3yeMBIX B 6~0Me~HHCKHX ~CC~e~OBaHH~X. ~aHHaH opraHn3aun~ 3aHuMaeTc~ 06MeHOM Hay~HOH UH~OpMa~HeH o60 BCeX aCHeKTaX CO~ep~aH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX ~BOTHEIX HyTeM pea~3a~H y~e6HEIX ~ CepTH~HKa~HOHHEIX HpOrpaMM. AALAS rIpuBep~eHa H~ee pa3BlITlIsI lI pacTIpocTpaHeHlIsI 3HaHlIlI, KaCaIO~UXCH ,~O~*HOrO co,~ep~aHn~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaHH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX *HBOTHEIX Ha 6~aro He~oBeKa ~ *HBOTHOrO Mnpa. AALAS H3~aeT ~ypHa~BI > (pa3 B 2 MecH~a) ~ > (pa3 B 2 MecH~a)' y~e6HEIe rIoco6~H ~H TexH~ecKoro rIepcoHa~a' pa6oTalo~ero C 60paTOpHEIMH~BOTHEIM~, e~erO~HEI~CHUCOK~eHOBaCCO~Ha~, CHUCOK aKKpe~nTOBaHHEIX crIe~Ha~ncToB ~ 6pOmIOpLI Ha crIe~Ha~BHEIe TeMBI. AALAS OTBelIaeT Ha 3arIpoc~I' OCy~eCTB~eT cepTu~nKaun~o TeXH~ecKoro nepcoHa~a' pa6oTaIo~ero c ~a6opaTopHEIMn ~BOTHEIMn, rIpoBo'~nT e~ero~HEIe Hay~HEIe KOH~epeH~HH, Ha KOTOpLIX 3aC~HBaIOTCH OpHrnHa~BHEIe ~O~a~BI ~ B paMKaX KOTOpLIX OpraHH3yI0TCH CHe~Ha~BHEIe CeM~HapLI ~ Hay~HO-HpaKTHHeCKHe COBe~aH~, paCHpOCTpaHSIeT CBOH Hy6~HKa~H, Hpe~OCTaB~HeT B HO~B30BaHHe ~BMBI ~ c~an~BI ~ ~aeT a~peca ~pyrux ~CTO~H~KOB UH~OpMa~. Accounaun~ r~pe~ocTas~eT CBOH yc~yrn sceM ~e~a~omuM. AMep~KaHCKaS! Ko~er~ no Me~MHCKOMy obecue~eH~o ~a60paTOpHblX ~BOTHblX American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (AC~), Dr. Charles W. McPherson, Executive Director, 200 Summerwinds Drive, Cary, NC 27511 (Te~.: 919-859-5985; ~aKc: 919-851-3126~. ACLAM ~s~eTc~ cr~euna~uposaHHon Ko~ernen, r~pusHaHHon AMep~KaHcKon seTep~HapHon accounaunen (American Veterinary Medicine AssociationAVMA). oHa 6~a y~pe;KD;eHa B 1957 r. c ~e~Io HOO~pSITE oGy~eHne, HO~rOTOBKy ~ ~CC~e~OBaHHH; paspaGaTusaTB KpUTepHU ~H orIpe,~e~eH~ KBa3IlI~HKa~H ~ BE~aBaTB H0 pe3y~BTaTaM 3K3aMeHa~HOHHOH lIpOBepKlI~OMBI KBa~HpOBaHHEIM CHe~Ha~HCTaM, HMeIO~HM HpaBO pa60TaTB C ~a60paTOpHEIMU *HBOTHEIMH. ~H ~OCTH*eHH~ BTUX ~e~en Ko~er~ CTpeMUTCSI Sa~HTepeCOBaTB BeTep~HapOB B y~yH~eHHU HpOrpaMM HO~rOTOBKH ~ HpOBepKH KBa~HKa~H B 06~aCTH Me~HHCKHX aCHeKTOB ~CHO~B3OBaH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX ~BOTHEIX. E*ero~Hoe co6paHne ACLAM SIB~SIeTCSI OCHOBHEIM MeXaHH3MOM, o6ecHeHUBaIo~HM B03MO*HOCTB HOBBImeH~ KBa~HKa~nH CHe~Ha~HCTOB. ACLAM TaK*e opraHH3yeT ~ rIo~ep*HBaeT rIporpaMMBI, OCy~eCTB~HeMBIe B paMKax e~ero~HEIx KoH~epeHLlHn AVMA ~ AALAS. ACLAM y~eJI~eT oco60e BHlIMaHlIe lI CTIOHCIIpyeT lIpOrpaMMBI HOBBI~eHH~ KBa~HKa~H CrIeLlHa~nCTOB; oKa3BIBaeT rIO=ep*Ky rIpoBe~eHnIo cHMrIo3nyMoB, pea~3aLlHn HpH6~3HTe~BHo 30 HpOrpaMM CaMOCTO~Te~BHOrO 06y~eH~ CHe~Ha~HCTOB C LleJIBIo rIOBBIIIIeHH~ KBaJIn~nKaLlHn rIo ncrIoJIB3oBaHnIo, co ~ep~aHnI 3a6o~eBaHH~M *HBOTHEIX, 06BIIIHO ncrIo~B3yeMBIx B 3KcrIepuMeHTax; BBIDyCTH~a 14 TOMOB no ~a6opaTopHEIM *HBOTHEIM, B TOM Huc~e <> ~ >.

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110 IZP~JIO~H~EL- OMAHA, MERE OTHO~EH~EK^OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM AMep~KaHcKa~ Alcoa sa ryMaHHoe oTHomeH~e American Humane Association (AHA),236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Suite 203, Washington, D.C. 20002 (Te~.: 202-543-7780; franc: 202-546-3266~. AHA ~s~eTc~ rIpo~eccuoHa~BHon HeKoMMep~ecKon opraHn3aunen, o6~e,~nH~omen HaCTH~X ~~U ~ y~pe~eHn~' obecuoKoeHHme BOUpOCaMU 3KC~yaTa~H, ~eCTOKOrO ~ He6pe*HOrO 06pa~eH~ C ~eTBMU ~ ~BOTH~MH. AHA 6~ma OCHOBaHa B 1877 r. ~ Sack stepson HaunoHa~BHon opraHn3aunen, CTpeMSlILlelICSI O JeCHeHUTB 3a~HTy betel ~ ~BOTHEIX. AHA B~CTyHaeT B HO,D;,D;ep*Ky CO6~IO~eH~ TpeX OCHOBH~X Tpe60BaHHU (3 R s) rIpu rIpose~eHnn 6noMe~unHcKnx ncc~e~osaHnn: ycosepmeHcTsosaHne 3KCrIepuMeHTa~H~IX rIp oL~e ~yp, yMe H~III eHne KO~nII e CTB a ncrIo~3ye M~X *lIBOTHEIX, upoue~yp ~ T.~. ~ 3aMeHa, HO Mepe B03MO*HOCTH, BBICOKO OpraHH30BaHHEIX *HBOTHEIX *HBOTHEIM~, CTOH~HMU Ha 6O~ee HH3KHX cTyr~eH~x pa3suT~, ~n ~pyrnMn Mo~e~Mu. AHA UH~OpM~pyeT CBO~X ~eHOB O pa3~HHEIX BOUpOCaX B 06~aCTH 6~0Me~HHCKHX ~CC~e~OBaHHU r~ocpe~cTsoM n3~asaeMoro e~o e~eKsapTa~Ho ~ypHa~a >. AMep~KaHCKOe 06~eCTBO pa60TalO~X C ~a60paTOpHbIMM ~BOTHbIMM ~erican Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners (ASLAP), Dr. Bradford S. Goodwin, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer, University of Texas, Medical School-CLAMC, 6431 Fannin Street, Room 1132, Houston, TX 77030- 1501 (Te~.: 713-792-5127; ~aKc: 713-794-4177). ~I~eHoM AS LAP, OCHOBaHHOrO B 1966 r., Mo~eT cTaTB ~o6On sur~ycKH~K BeTeplIHapHOrO lIHCTlITyTa, aKKpe~HTOBaHHOrO H~n HpH3HaHHOrO AMep~KaHcKon seTep~HapHon accounaunen (AVMA) n~n KaHa~cKon seTep~HapHon accoL~naL~nen (CVMA), KOTOpLIlI pa6oTaeT C JIa60paTOpHLIMlI *HBOTH~MU ~ SIB~SIeTCSI H~eHOM AVMA, CVMA n~n ~o60n ~pyron HaL~nOHa~HOn accoL~naL~n rIo seTep~HapHon Me~uL~nHe, KOTOpy~O rIpu3HaeT AVMA. 3a~a~a o6mecTsa 3aHuMaTBc~ pacr~pocTpaHeHneM ~en, or~ITa ~ 3HaHnn cpe~n BeTeplIHapOB, pa60TalO~UX C ~a60paTOpH~MU *HBOTH~M~, IyTeM 06ylIeHH~, TpeHlIpOBKlI lI 3KCTIeplIMeHTaJIBH~X ~CC~e~OBaHHU Ha aCHUpaHTCKOM ~H ~OKTOpaHTCKOM ypOBHe. 06~eCTBo e~erO~HO HpOBO~HT ~Be KOH~epeH~H, HpHypOHUB UX K e~ero~HuM c~e3~aM AVMA ~ AALAS. AMep~KaHcKoe o6mecTso up~MaTo~oros American Society of Primatologists (ASP), Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (URL: http://www.asp.org). ASP rIpecJIe~yeT ncK~olInTeJI~Ho o6pa3osaTeJI~Hme ~ Hay~Hme L~eJIn, a lIMeHHO: CTIOC06CTBOBaTB ~ HOO~pSITB HO~y~eHHe ~ 06MeH UH~OpMa~HeH H0 lIplIMaTaM, BK3IlOHaH BCe aCHeKTM UX aHaTOMHU, HOBe~eHH~, pa3BUTH~, 3KOJIOrlIlI, 3BOJIlO~H, reHeT~K~, HUTaHH~, ~3Ho~ornn, pa3MHo~eHn~, CHCTeMaT~K~, COXpaHeH~, pa3Be~eH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaH~ B 6~0Me~HHCKHX ncc~e~osaH~x. ASP HpOBO~HT e~erO~HMe KOH~epeH~H, CHOHCHpyeT ~ypHa~ > ~ Hy6~HKyeT CBOH e~eKBapTa~EHMU 6~0JIJIeTeH~. Jl~o60n CrIeL~naJInCT, 3aHuMa~omunc~ sorIpocaMn HaylIHon HpUMaTO~OrHU ~H 3a~HTepeCOBaHHMU B r~o~ep*Ke 3a~a~ o6mecTsa, Mo~eT

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IZP~JIO~H~E ~ - oPL~3~, MERE OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 111 cTaTB era H~eHOM. t,IH~OpMa~IO O H~eHCTBe B o6mecTse, a TaK*e o Me - ;yHapO~HOM 06~eCTBe HpUMaTO~OrOB MO*HO HO~y~HTB HO sanpocy B ASP. AMep~KaHcKa~ seTep~HapHa~ Alcoa American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), 1931 North Meacham Road, Suite lOO, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360 (Te~.: 800-248-2862; Marc: 708-925-1329; URL: http:// www.avma.org/~. AVMA~s~qeTc~ se,~ymen HaunoHa~BHon opraHnsaunen seTep~Hapos. Ee Serb cr~ocodcTsosaTB r~porpeccy HayKu ~ ncKyccTsa seTep~HapHon Me~HHM, B TOM Cache yKpen~eHn~o ee chosen co a~pasooxpaHeHne Ce~BCK~M XO3~HCTBOM. AVMA ~s~eTc~ upusHaHHuM y~pe*~eHneM, 06~a~aI0~HM HpaBOM aKKpe~HTOBaHH~ ~KO~ ~ KO~e~*eH BeTep~HapHOH Me~unHu. AVMA cr~ocodcTsyeT cr~euna~nsaunn s 06~aCTH seTep~HapHoH Me~HHM, ~o6nsa~cB O~Ha~BHOrO HpH3HaHH~ cneuna~3uposaHHux opraHn3aunn, HarIpuMep ACLAM. KoMuTeT AVMA rIo rIo~roTosKe 300TeXHlIKOB 3aHuMaeTc~ aKKpe~HTOBaHHeM ~ByXrO~HHEIX HpOrpaMM oGy~eH~ 300TexH~Kos rIpu sucm~x y~e6Hux 3ase~eH~x Ha scen TeppuTopun CIIIA. Ilo 3arIpocy s AVMA Mo*Ho rIo~y~nTB rIepe~eHB aKKpe~nTosaHHux rIporpaMM, a TaK*e cso~Ky 3aKoHos ~ rIpas~, KacaIom~xc~ seTep~Hapos 300TexH~Kos, rIp~H~T~IX s pa3~ulIH~IX IIITaTaX. ttH{pOpMa~HOHHblM ~eHTp Sa~HTb! ^MBOTHblX Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC), National Agricultural Library, 5th floor, Beltsville, MD 20705- 2351 (Te~.: 301-504-6212; ~aKc: 301-504-7125; a~. r~o~Ta: awic@nal.usda.gov; URL: http://netvet.wustl.edu/awic.htm ~n http://www.nalusda.gov). AWIC rIpu Ha~HOHa~BHOH Ce~BCKOX03HHCTBeHHOH 6~6~0TeKe 6BI~ C03~aH BO ~CHO~HeHHe HOUpaBKH K 3aKOHy O 3a~HTe ~BOTHEIX, Hp~H~TOMy B 1985 r. LteHTp r~pe~ocTas~eT nH~opMaun~o r~o oGy~eHn~o r~epcoHa~a' yCOBepIIIeHCTBOBaHlIIO 3KCHepUMeHTa~BHEIX MeTO~HK (B~IOHaH ncuo~B30saHne a3IBTepHaTHBHEIX MeTO~OB), CO~ep~aHUIO ~ ~CHO~B30BaHUIO *HBOTHEIX IOCpe~CTBOM BBIDyCKa 6~6~norpa~ecKnx yKa3aTe~en, pyKOBO~CTB ~ codcTseHHoro 6~o~eTeH~ >. LteHTp rIpe~ocTas~qeT yc~yrn JInL~aM,06~3aHH~IM C06JI~O~aT~ yKa3aHH~In 3aKOH, HaTIplIMep lICCJIe~OBaTe~HM, BeTep~HapaM, opraHn3aTopaM BBICTaBOK ~ lIOCTaBILllIKaM ~IBOTHEIX. ~0 3anpocy B AWIC MO*HO HO~yHUTB Hy6~HKa~H lI ~OHO~HUTe~BHyIO UH~OpMa~HIO. IIHCTHTYT Sa~HTb! ~BOTHblX Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), P.O. Box 365O, Washington, D.C. 20007 (Te~.: 202-337-2332; ~aKc: 202-338-9478; 3~. HOUTa: awi@igc.apc.org). AWI ~sJI~eTc~ HeKoMMeplIecKon rIpocseTuTeJIBcKon opraHn3aL~nen, rIpusep~eHHon ~ee yMeHB~eH~ 60~H ~ CTpaXa, Hp~HHReMOrO *HBOTHEIM He~OBeKOM. Co ~H~ CBOerO OCHOBaHH~ B 195 1 r. AWI cuocodcTsosa~ paCHpOCTpaHeHUIO ryMaHHOrO OTHO~eHH~ K ~a60paTOpHEIM *HBOTHEIM, rIo~epKusa~ Heo6xo~uMocTB couna~3aunn, ~3~ecKon Harpy3Ku ~ 060ra~eH~ Cpe~BI 06HTaH~ ~BOTHEIX. ~HCTHTyT BBICTyHaeT B HO~ep*Ky Tpex TpebosaHnn (3 R s): 3aMeHa 3KCHepUMeHTa~BHEIX *HBOTHEIX

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112 IZP~JIO~EH~E ~ - OMAHA, ~MEIO~E OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM a3IBTepHaTHBHEIMU MOD exams, ye OB epm eHcTs osaHne 3KcnepuMeHTa~BH~Ix rIpoL~e~yp, HarIpasJIeHHoe Ha o6JIerlIeHne 60JIn ~ cTpa~aHnn *HBOTHEIX, lI yMeHBmeHne Alcoa ~CHO~B3yeMBIX *HBOTHEIX. ~y6~nKa~n AWI, sK~o~a~omne >, >, > ~ > rIpe~ocTas~qIoTc~ Hay~H~IM yqpe~eH~M ~ 6~6~noTeKaM 6ec~aTHo, a ~pyrnM echo ~n Iopu~ecK~M gloam sa meaty. IIHcTuTyT rIpuseTcTsyeT r~eper~ncKy ~ ~nCKyCCun C y~eH~IMn, sOOTeXH~KaMn ~ ~eHaMn IACUC rho BOUpOCaM y~yH~eH~ yC~OBHU *~3HU ~a60paTOpHEIX ~BOTHEIX. Accou~au~ seTep~Hapos-up~MaTo~oros Association of Primate Veterinarians (APV), Dr. Dan Dalgard, Secretary, Corning Hazleton, 9200 Leesburg Turnpike, Vienna, VA 22162-1699 (Te~.: 703-893-5400 ~or~. 5390; ~aKc: 703-759-6947~. APV ~s~eTc~ HeKOMMep~eCKOn opraHnsaunen' sa~a~a KOTOpOH CHOCO6CTBOBaTB paCHpOCTpaHeHUIO UH~OpMa~H, KaCaIO~eUCH 3~OpOBB~, co~ep~aH~ ~ 6~aror~o~y~ HpUMaTOB, ~ 06eCHeHUTE MeXaHH3M, C HOMO~IO KOTOpOrO BeTeplIHapLI MOryT BBICKa3BIBaTB KO~eKTHBHOe MHeHHe H0 BOUpOCaM, OTHOCSI~HMCSI K HpUMaTaM. 3Ta OpraHH3a~H BO3H~K~a noc~e pa6O~ero cosemaH~ rIo sorIpocaM K~nH~ecKoro yxo~a sa rIpuMaTaMn, KoTopoe 6~o opraHn30saHo NIH B 1973 r. CrIYCTH 6 ~eT 6~M Hp~HSIT yCTaB OpraHH3a~H, B KOTOpOM 6~n c~opMy~uposaH~I ee sa~a~n ~ lIOpH,~OK pa60TEI. 9~eHaMU APV SIB~SlIOTCH BeTep~HapLI, o6ecHoKoeHHEIe 3~opoBBeM, Co'~ep~aHHeM ~ 6~arorIo~y~neM rIpuMaTos. Accounaun~ rIpoBo'~nT e~ero'~HEIe KOH~epeH~n, rIy6~nKyeT e~eKBapTa~BHEIn 6Io~eTeHB ~ yHaCTByeT B pemeHHn Hay~HEIX Iop~HlIecKHx BorIpocoB, KacaIo~nxcH 3TlIX ~BOTHEIX. CoseT AscTpaT~ ~ HOBOM 3e~aH,~H HO CO,~eP]KaHMIO ~BOTHblX, MCHO~b3YeMblX B HayqHb~x Mcc~e~oBaHM~x ~ o6~eHMM Australia and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching (ANZCCART): ANZCCART Australia, The Executive Off~cer, PO Box 19, Glen Osmond, South Australia 5064 (Te~.: +61-8-303-7393; ~aKc: +61-8-303-7113; 3~. r~o~Ta: anzccart@ waite . adelaide. ecu. au; URL: http ://www. adelaide . ecu. au/ANZCCART/~; ANZCCART New Zealand, The Executive Off~cer, C/- The Royal Society of New Zealand, PO Box 598, Wellington, New Zealand (Te~.: +64-4-472 7421; ~aKc: +64-4-473 1841; 3~. r~o~Ta: anzccart@ rsnz.govt.nz; URL: http:// www. adelaide . ecu. au/ANZCCART/) . ANZCCART 6~ co3~aH B 1987 r. rIo nHnunaTuse y~eHux Ipe~CTaBUTe~eH ~HpOKOH 06~eCTBeHHoCTH, 06eCHOKOeHH~X HpO6~eMaMU ~CHO~B30BaHH~ *HBOTH~X B 3KCHepUMeHTaX ~ 06yUeHHH. ANZCCART Ipe~CTaB~HeT CO 30n He3aBUCHMBIU opraH' C03~aHHEIU KaK Ha~HOHa~BHEIU HTp ~H pe~eHH~ 3TUX BOUpOCOB. ~OCpe~CTBOM CBOeH pa3Hoo6pa3HoH ~e~Te~BHocTn ANZCCART cTpeMuTc~ crIocodcTsosaTB 3~eKTusH~IM KOHTaKTaM lI COTpy~H~eCTBy ~U ~ y~pe~eHnn, CBH3aHHEIX C co~ep~aHneM ~ ~CHO~B30BaHHeM *HBOTHEIX B 3KCHepUMeHTaX ~ 06yUeHHH. 3a~aHa ANZCCART ~06HBaTBCH BBICOHaH~erO ypOBH~ CO~ep~aHH~ *HBOTHEIX, ~CHO~B3yeMBIX B HayqHEIX ~CC~e~OBaH~X ~ 06y~eHHU, ~ TaK~M 06pa30M CBeCTH ~0 M~HUMyMa UX COCTO~HHe ~HCKOM~OpTa; CTpeMUTBCH K TOMy, HT06BI pe3y~BTaTEI Hay~HEIx 3KcrIepuMeHToB ,~e~a~n OlIpaB~aHHEIM ~CHO~B30BaHHe B

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IZP~JIO~H~EL - oPL~3~, MERE OTHO~EH~EK~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 113 HlIX *lIBOTHEIX ~ HOO~p~TB UH~OpM~pOBaHHEIe ~ OTBeTCTBeHHEIe ~HCKyCCHU ~ ~eGaT~I cpe~n yUeHEIX ~ ~HpOKOH 06~eCTBeHHOCTH B OTHO~eHHU lICTIO3IB30BaH~ ~BOTHEIX B Hay~HEIX 3KCHepUMeHTaX. KaHa,~cKa~ Alcoa no Me~MHCKOMy 06eCHe~eHMfO ~a60paTOpHb1X ~BOTHb1X Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Medicine/ L'Association canadienne de la medecine des animaux de laboratoire (CALAM/ACMAL), Dr. Brenda Cross, Secretary-Treasurer, 102 Animal Resources Centre, 120 Maintenance Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5C4. CALAM/ACMAL ~s~eTc~ HaunoHa~BHon opraHnsaunen seTep~Hapos, UHTepeCylO~UXCH OKaSaHHeM Me~HHCKOH HOMO~H ~a60paTOpH~M ~BOTH~M. B sa~a~n accounaunn BXO~HT KOHCy~BTa~HH Sa~HTepeCOBaHH~X JIlI~ H0 BCeM BOUpOCaM, KaCalO~HMCH OKa3aHH~ Me~HHCKOH HOMO~H ~a60paTOpH~M *HBOTH~M, ~a~Henmee oGy~eHne ee ~eHos ~ paCHpOCTpaHeHHe BTHHeCKHX HOpM ~ HpO~eCCHOHa~3Ma B BTOH 06~aCTH. Accounau~ cHuTaeT CBOHM ~O~rOM 06eCHeHUBaTE Ha~e~a~ylO BeTep~HapHylO lIOMOILlB BCeM *HBOTHEIM, ~CHO~B3yeMBIM B ~CC~e~OBaH~X, ~CHEITaHH~X oGy~eHnn. Accounau~ r~y6~nKyeT e~eKsapTa~H~In 6~o~eTeH~ >. KaHa,~cKa~ accou~au~ no HayKe O ~a60paTOpHblX ^MBOTHblX Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Science/ L'Association canadienne pour la technologie des animeaux laboratoire (CALAS/ACTAL), Dr. Donald McKay, Executive Secretary, CW401 Biological Science Building, Bioscience Animal Service, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada TOG 2E9 (Te~.: 403- 492-5193; ~aKc: 403-492-7257; a~. r~o~Ta: dmckay@gpu.srv.ualberta.ca). CALAS/ACTAL r~pe~cTasJI~eT co6On MyJIsTu~ncun~nHapHy~o rpyr~r~y IaCTHLIX JIlI~ ~ y~pe~eHnn, CBH3aHH~X C co~ep~aHneM ~ ~CHO~B30BaHHeM 0paTOpH~X ~BOTH~X B ~CC~e~OBaHH~X, ~CH~TaH~X ~ 06y~eHHH. He~n accounaunn crIocodcTsosaTB rIosumeHnIo 3HaHnn, MacTepcTsa ~ cTaTyca CTIe~Ha~HCTOB, 3aHUMaIO~UXCH co~ep~aHneM ~ ~CHO~B30BaHHeM 0paTOpHEIX ~BOTHEIX; CHOCO6CTBOBaTB yCOBep~eHCTBOBaHUIO CTaH~apTOB CO~ep~aHH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaHH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX *HBOTHEIX, a TaK*e obecr~e~nsaT~ MeXaHH3M o6MeHa ~ pacr~pocTpaHeH~ 3HaHHU, Kaca~om~xc~ CO~ep~aHH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaHH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX *HBOTHEIX. CALAS/ACTAL Be~eT perUCTp CHe~Ha~HCTOB, pa60TaIO~UX C ~a60paTOpHEIMU *HBOTHEIMU (Registry for Laboratory Animal Technicians), pa3 B 2 Mec~ua r~y6~nKyeT nH~opMaL~noHH~In 6IoJIJIeTeHs > ~ e~ero~Ho rIpOBO,~HT HaL~nOHaJI~H~In c~e3~. KaHa,~cK~ coseT u0 yxo,~y sa ~BOTHbIMM Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC), Constitution Square, Tower II, 315-350 Alberta, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1R lB1 (Te~.: 613-238-4031; ~aKc: 613-238-2837; 3~. rIoUTa: ccac@carleton.ca). CCAC, C03~aHHEIU B 1968 r. no~ 3r~0n Accounaunn yHusepcuTeTos Ko~e~*en KaHa~I, rIpno6peJI CTaTyC He3aBUCHMOH OpraHH3aLlHU B 1982 r. IlyTeM lIO~rOTOBKH pyKOBO~CTB, opraHn3aunn UHCHeK~HOHHEIX noe3~0K ~ pea~3aunn o6pa3osaTe~BH~Ix ~ KoHcy~BTaunoHH~Ix rIporpaMM CCAC

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114 IZP~JIO~H~E ~ - oPL~3~, ~ME~E OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM rIpeBpaTlIJICSI B Be~y~ee y~pe~eHHe KaHa~hI, OCy~eCTB~IO~ee 3KCHepTH3y ~CHO~h3OBaH~ *HBOTHh1X B Hay~Hh1X He~x. Co6~o~eHne peKoMeH~aunn CCAC, ODy6~HKOBaHHh1X B 2 ToMax, ~s~eTc~ o6~saTe~hHh~M TpebosaHneM upu r~ony~eHnn rpaHTos ~ KoHTpaKTos. B HacTo~mee speM~ CCAC ~nHaHcupyeTc~ KaHa~cK~M coseToM r~o ecTecTseHHh~M ~ r~p~K~a~Hh~M HayKaM (Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada), KaHa~cK~M coseToM r~o Me~nHcK~M ncc~e~osaHn~M (Medical Research Council of Canada) HeKOTOphIMlI ~e~epa~hHhIMU Be~OMCTBaMH. ~eHTp a~bTepHaTHBHbIX MeTO~OB, 3aMeHRIO~MX MCHO~b30BaHMe ^MBOTHbIX Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), Johns Hopkins University, 111 Market Place, Suite 84O, Baltimore, MD 21202-6709 (Te~.: 410-223-1693; ~aKc: 410-223-1603; 3~. r~o~Ta: caat@jhuhyg.sph.jhu.edu; URL: http:// i n f o n e t . w e l c h j h u . e d u / ~ c a a t / ~ . C'AAT ~hin cn.~nan R 1 981 r c ~e~h~o r~oncKa a~hTepHaTusHhIx MeTo,D;os, 3aMeHHIo~nx ncrIo~h3osaHHe *HBOTHh1X rIpH pa3pa6oTKe HOBh1X rIperIapaTos ~ UX ~Cr~hITaHHU Ha 6e30rIaCHOCTh. XOTH OCHOBHaH 3a,~aHa CAAT csH3aHa' B IepBylO olIepe,~h, c pa3paboTKaMn aJIhTepHaTlIBHhlX MeTO~OB ~CC~e~OBaHHU, ~eHTp TaK*e COTpy~HHUaeT C opraHn3au~Mn, CTpeMH~HMUCH pea~30saTh rIp~HUnrI 3 R s B 3KcrIepuMeHTax ~ o6y~eHHH. TaKne opraHH3aUnn Cy~eCTBylOT BO BCeM Mnpe, HO, r~aBHhIM o6pa3oM' B ceBepHon AMep~Ke, EBporIe7 ABcTpa~n ~ ~rIOHHH. CAAT rIpe'~cTas~HeT co60n aKa'~eM~ecKnn Hay~HhIn HeHTp, co3'D;aHHhIn Ha 6a3e ~KO~hI rurneHhI ~ 3~pasooxpaHeH~ yHuBepcHTeTa'~*oHca xorIKuHca B ~a~THMope (the School of Hygiene and Public Health at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore). LteHTp 3aHuMaeTcH ~a60paTopHhIMn ncc~e~osaH~Mn, o6pa3osaHneM ~ nH~opMaL~nen, a TaK*e rIposepKon ~ rIo~Tsep*~eHneM a3IBTepHaTHBHEIX MeTO~OB. LteHTp surIycKaeT nH~opMaunoHHun 6Io~eTeHB (3 pa3a B ro~), lIpe~Ha3HaHeHHEIU ~H Hay~HOH ~ ~HpOKOH O )~eCTBeHHOCTH, a TaK*e nH~OpMaunOHH~In 6~o~eTeH~ (3 pa3a B ro~) >, r~pe~Ha3Ha~eHH~In ~H ~KO~BH~KOB CTap~UX ~aCCOB. L\eHTp HO 3a~HTe ~K~BOTHbIX ~ 06~eCTBeHHOM HO~HT~Ke Center for Animals and Public Policy, Tufts University, School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westboro Road, N. Grafton, MA 01536 (Te~.: 508-839-7991; ~aKc: 508-839-2953; a~. rIolITa: dpease@opal.tufts.edu). ~eHTp ~B~HeTCH OT~e~eHHeM ~KO~BI BeTep~HapHOH Me~HHEI Ta~TCa, KOTOpOe 3aHlIMaeTCSI BCeMlI aCTIeKTaMlI OTHOIIIeHlIlI IIe3IOBeKa lI *lIBOTHEIX. LteHTp n3~aeT ~sa nH~opMaunoHH~Ix 6Io~eTeH~ (pa3 B KBapTa~ <> ~ pa3 B 2 Mec~ua >), a TaK*e ~pyrne n1Y6~HKaUHU ~ 6PO~IOPLI, B TOM ~nc~e >, 200-CTPaHHUHEIU OTHeT, BK~IOHaIO~H rIP~O*eHHe O ,~BH*eHHU B 3a~HTY *HBOTHEIX. LIeHTP TaK*e OPraHH30Ba~ KYPC rIO 3a~HTe *HBOTHEIX ~ OO~eCTBeHHOH HO~HT~Ke, H0 OKOHUaHHU KOTOpOrO BBIDyCKH~K no~y~aeT CTerIeHB MarUCTPa HaYK (O,~HOrO,~HEIU KYPC ,~JI~ JI~LT, OKOHII~BIII~X BBICIIIee Y~e6HOe 3aBe,~eHHe ~H HMeIO~UX 3KBUBa~eHTHEIU OrIBIT Pa60TEI).

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IZP~JIO~H~E ~ - oPL~3~, MERE OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 115 JOHN 6~0Me~MHC~X MCC~e~OBaHMM Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR), 818 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 303, Washington, DC 20006 (Te~.: 202-457-0654; franc: 202-457-0659; 3~. Aorta: nabr-fbr@access.digex.net; URL: hits ://www.f~esta. com/fbr) . FBR r~pe,~cTas~eT co6On HeKoMMep~ecKy~o r~pocseTuTe~BcKy~o opraHlI3a~IO' KOTOpaH ~o6HBaeTcH HpH3HaHH~ ~ HO~ep*KH ~HpOKOH o6mecTseHHocTB~o 3Tu~ecKoro r~o,~xo,~a K ~CHO~B30BaHHIO *HBOTH~X B Me~HHCKHX ~CC~e~OBaH~X. JOHN paCHO~araeT pa3HO06pa3H~MU y~e6H~MU MaTeplIa3IaMlI, lIpe~Ha3HaHeHH~MU ~~H CTy~eHTOB ~ ~HpOKOH oGmecTseHHocTu, sK~o~a~ 6pom~opu,6yK~eTu, s~eo-~sMm, r~oco6~,=~ B~CTy~eHHU, Karats, ~ SIB~ReTCSI ~CTO~H~KOM UH~OpMa~H HO 06y~eHHIo HO~rOTOBKe CHe~Ha~HCTOB, SaHUMalO~UXCH ~a60paTOpH~MU ~BOTH~MH. JOHN OpraHH3yeT HpeCC-KOH~epeH~H ~ OKa3MBaeT HOMONYM Hpe~CTaBUTe~HM Cpe~CTB MaCCOBOH UHC JOpMa~H B yCTaHOB~eHHU KOHTaKTOB C y~eHEIMU B Ax 06Cy~eH~ BOUpOCOB, KaCalO~UXCH 3KCHepUMeHTOB Ha ~BOTH~X. EyMaH~TapHoe o6mecTso Coe,~HeHHb~x IIITaTos The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), 2100 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037 (Ten.: 202- 452-1100; franc: 301-258-3082; 3~. Aorta: HSUSLAB@ix.netcom.com). HSUS ~s~eTc~ Kpyr~Henmen HaunoHa~Hon opraHnsaunen r~o samuTe *HBOTH~X. 06~eCTBo aKTHBHO B~CTyHaeT HO ~HpOKOMy KpyRy BOUpOCOB ryMaHHOrO OTHOIIIeH~ K ~IBOTHEIM, B TOM qnc~e no sonpocaM, KacaIom~xc~ ~HKHX, ~OMa~HUX, ~a60paTOpH~X~ Ce~BCKOX03~HCTBeHHEIX~BOTHEIX. HSUS n3,~aeT e~eKsapTaJIBH~In ~ypHaJI >, nH~opMaL~noHH~In 6Io~eTeHB >, 6O~B~oe Ko~nqecTso ,~oK~a,~os, 6pOmIOp ~ ,~pyrux MaTepHa~oB' KacaIo~nxcH 3a~nTEI *HBOTHEIX. 06~eCTBo 3aHlIMaeT aKTlIBHyIO H03~HIO HO BOUpOCaM ~CHO~B30BaHH~ *HBOTHEIX B ~CC~e~OBaHH~X, ~CHEITaHH~X ~ oGyqeHnn. 3Ty paboTy so3r~as~eT OT~ 3KCHepUMeHTa~BHEIX *HBOTHEIX HSUS (Animal Research Issues Section) upu r~o,~ep*Ke HayqHoro KOHCy~ETaTHBHOrO CoBeTa. 3a~aqa oT~e~a~06HBaTECH rIpu3HaHn~ rIp~HunrIa 3 R s, Hp~HSIT~ ~eCTKHX HpaB~ ~ UX HeyK~OHHOrO co6~1o'~eH~, o6ecHeqeH~ ~OCTyHa B HayqHo-Hcc~e~oBaTe~EcKHe yqpe~eH~, ux rIo,~oTIIeTHocTu, a TaK*e ~nKs~aL~n oTKposeHHo ~ecToKoro oTHoIIIeH~ K *HBOTHEIM. HSUS CTpeMUTCSI K ~OCTH*eHUIO 3TUX ~e~en, HO~B3y~CB lIp O CB eTlITeJIBCK~M~, 3aKOHO~aTe~BHEIM~, IOpH~He CK~MU Cp e~CTBaMU ~ rIpoBo'~H pacc~e'~oBaHHH. COTPY,~H~KH o6~ecTBa rOTOBBI BBIcTyrIaTB C ~OK~a~aMU ~ lIY6JIlIKOBaTB CTaTBU H0 BCeM HeDeHUC~eHHEIM BOHOOCaM. IIHCTIITYT peCypCOB JIa60paTOpHblX ~BOTHblX Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (ILAR), National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418 (TeJI.: 202-334-2590; ~aKc: 202-334-1687; 3~. rIoUTa: ILAR@nas.edu; 3~. r~o~Ta >: ILARJ@nas.edu; URL: http://www2.nas.edu/ilarhome). ILAR 3aHuMaeTc~ rIo,~roTosKon pyKoso,~cTs ~ pacrIpocTpaHeHneM lIH~OpMa~H H0 Hay~HEIM, TeXHHHeCK~M ~ 3THHeCK~M aCHeKTaM ~CHO~B30BaHH~ *HBOTHEIX ~ ~pyrux 6Ho~ornHecKHx pecypcoB B

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116 IZP~JIO~EH~E ~ - OMAHA, ~MEIO~E OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM ncc~e,~osaHn~x, ncr~uTaH~x ~ oGy~eHnn. ILAR,~o6nsaeTc~ Ka~ecTseHHoro ~ ryMaHHOrO CO~ep~aHH~ *HBOTH~X ~ 060CHOBaHHOrO ~CHO~B3OBaHH~ *HBOTH~X ~H a~BTepHaTHBH~X peCypCOB. HO HOpy~eHHIO Ha~HOHa~BHOH aKa,~eMun HayK ILAR B~CTyHaeT B KaHeCTBe OpraHa, OKa3MBalO~erO KOHCy~BTaTHBHylO HOMONYM ~e~epa~BH~M Be~OMCTBaM, y~eH~M, pa60TalO~HM B 06~aCTH 6~0Me~HHCKHX ~CC~e~OBaHHU, ~ ~HpOKOH 06~eCTBeHHoCTH. IIHcTuTyT ns,~aeT e~eKsapTa~BHo > ~ pacr~pocTpaH~eT era cpe,~n ylIeHLIX, pyKOBO~HTe~eH 6~0Me~HHCKHX y~pe*~eHnn, Me~HHCKHX 6~6~0TeK ~ CTy~eHTOB. Me~yHapO~HblM COBeT Ho HayKe O ~a60paTOpHblX ~BOTHblX International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS), Dr. Steven Pakes, Secretary General, Division of Comparative Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX (Te~.: 214-648-3340; ~aKc: 214-648-2659; a~. r~o~Ta: spakes@mednet.swmed.edu). ICLAS ~s~eTc~ Me*~yHapo~Hon Her~pasuTe~cTseHHon Hay~Hon opraHnsaL~nen' KoTopa~ 6~L~a cos~aHa B 1961 r. rIo~ ar~on IOHECKO ~ p~a Hay~H~X C01030B. 3a~a~a ICLAS noo~p~TB ~ KOOp~HHUpOBaTB Hay~HMe ~CC~e~OBaHH~ C ~CHO~B3OBaHHeM ~a60paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X BO BCeM M~pe, yKpeIIJDqTB Me~yHapO~HOe COTpy~H~eCTBO B 3T0H 06~aCTH, CHOC06CTBOBaTB B~pa60TKe KpUTepHeB KaHeCTBa ~a60paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X ~ UX KOHTpO~IO, C06HpaTB ~ paCHpOCTpaHSITB UH~OpMa~IO H0 ~CHO~B3OBaHHIO ~abopaTopHux *HBOTH~X, a TaK*e ~06HBaTBCH ryMaHHOrO ~CHO~B30BaHH~ *HBOTH~X B ~CC~e~OBaHH~X, ~CH~TaHH~X ~ oGyqeHnn HyTeM HpH3HaHH~ 3THqeCKHX IplIH~HOB ~ HayqHOH OTBeTCTBeHHOCTH. ICLAS ocymecTs~eT r~porpaMMm, Kaca~omnec~ M~Kpo6no~oraqecKoro lI reHeTlIqecKoro MOHlITOplIHra lI cTaH~apTH3a~H' OKa3BIBaeT HOMO~E pa3BlIBalO~HMCH CTpaHaM B ~OCTH*eHHU ~e~en y~yq~eHH~ MeTO~OB CO~ep~aH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaH~ ~a60paTOpH~X ~BOTHE1X, a TaK*e cHoco6cTByeT HOBM~eHHIO KaqeCTBa HO~rOTOBKH CHe~Ha~HCTOB B 3T0H o6~acTH. ICLAS ,~o6HBaeTcH '~ocT~eH~ rIocTaB~eHHux rIepe,~ HUM 3a~aq HyTeM OpraHH3a~H perHOHa~BH~X HayqHLIX KOH~epeH~H, HpOBe~eH~ Me~yHapO~H~X HayqH~X KoHrpeccoB pa3 B 4 ro,~a, pacrIpocTpaHeHH~ nH~opMaLlHn ~ rIpe'~ocTaBJIeH~ Ksa~( ,nL~uposaHHon KoHcy~BTaTusHon rIoMomu. ~I~eHaMn ICLAS SIB~RIOTCH Ha~HoHa~BHMe opraHH3a~' Ha~HMe COIo3m, ~eUCTBUTe~BHMe ~eHM ~ ~eHM-KOppeCHOH~eHTM. Upas~eHne n36upaeTc~ 06~uM co6paHneM Ka~me 4 ro~a ~ HeceT oTseTcTseHHocT~ 3a pea~3aun~0 o6men rIOJIlITlIKlI ICLAS. Accou~au~ no co,~ep~KaHMfo ~a6opaTopHb~x ~K~BOTHb1X Laboratory Animal Management Association (LAMA), Dr. Paul Schwikert, Past President, P.O. Box 1744, Silver Spring, MD 20915 (Te~.: 313-577-1418; ~aKc: 313-577-5890~. JIAMA ~sJI~eTc~ HeKoMMeplIecKon rIpocseTuTeJIBcKon opraHn3aL~nen. B cocTas ee IIJIeHOB BXO~HT OT~e~EHEIe ~Ua ~ ~pe~eHn~' 3aHuMa~omnec~ BOlIpOCaMlI CO~ep~aHH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX *HBOTHEIX ~ UX ~CHO~B30BaHH~ B Hay~HEIx ~ Me~HLlnHcKnx LleJI~x. 3a~alIa accounaunn, C03~aHHOH B 1984 r., <>. ~e~n acco~Ha~n BK~IoHaIoT pacrIpocTpaHeHHe ~,~en, OlIBITa ~ 3HaHHU B OTHO~eHHU OpraHH3a~H

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IZP~JIO~EH~E ~ - OMAHA, ~MEIO~E OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 117 CO~ep~aHH~ ~a60paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X HyTeM HOO~peHH~ HOBM~eHH KBa3IlI~HKa~H Cneuna~ncToB, samuTu HpaB~EHOH opraHnsaunn co~ep~aH~ 0paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X ~ HOMO~H B HO~rOTOBKe CHe~Ha~HCTOB B STOP outacts. Accounaun~ HpOBO~HT 2 pasa B row KoH~epeHunn no sonpocaM Opt CO~ep~aHH~ ~a60paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X ~ ~pyrUM BOUpOCaM, r~pe,~cTas~q~omuM nHTepec,~ ee Ethos, ~ pa3 B rod, co6paH~, r~p~ypo~eHHme K e~erO~H~M C~e3~aM AMep~KaHCKOH accounaunn no HayKe o ~abopaTopHux *HBOTH~X - American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS). Accounaun~ n3,~aeT e~eKsapTa~Ho ~ypHa~ r~o sor~pocaM opraHn3aunn CO~ep~aHH~ ~a60paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X > ~ pa3 B 2 Mec~ua UH~OpMa~HOHHMU 6IO~eTeHB no ~pyrUM BOUpOCaM, Hpe~CTaB~HIO~HM nHTepec,~ ee ~eHos, >. 06~eCTBo mTaTa Macca~yceTc no upe,~y~pe~eH~o iKeCTOKOrO o6pameH~ c iK~BOTHbIMM / AMep~KaHCKOe 06~eCTBO HpaBCTBeHHOrO BOCH~TaHMB Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals /American Humane Education Society (MSPCA/AHES), 350 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130 (Te~.: 617-522-7400; ~aKc: 617-522-4885~. ~eHTp 3a~HTM ~a60paTOpH~X *HBOTH~X (The Center for Laboratory Animal Welfare) r~pu MSPCA/AHES 6~ co3,~aH B 1992 r. c ~e~o BHlIMaTe3IBHOrO H3y~eH~ C~O*HEIX BOUpOCOB, CBH3aHHEIX C ~CHO~B30BaHHeM *HBOTHEIX B nCC~e~OBaHH~X, nCHEITaHH~X ~ 06y~eHHH. Ero ,~e~Te~sHocTs BK~IoHaeT aHa~3 BorIpocoB, KacaIo~nxcH OXpaHEI ~a6opaTopHEIx *HBOTHEIX, lIO~rOTOBKy 06pa30BaTe~BHEIX MaTepHa~OB ~ opraHn3aunIo HpOrpaMM no BOrIpOCaM, rIpe~cTaBJIHIo~HM nHTepeC ~JI~ IIInpOKOn o6~ecTBeHHocTH. ocHoBaHHoe B 1868 r., MSPCA/AHES SIB~SIeTCSI O~HOn H3 CaMBIX KpyrIHEIx B Mnpe opraHH3a~n rIo 3a~nTe *HBOTHEIX. 06~eCTBy rIp~Ha~e~aT TpH BeTep~HapHEIe K~nH~K~, ceMB rIpHIoToB '~H *HBOTHEIX; OHO TaK*e OCy~eCTB~HeT Ha6~Io~eHHe 3a BBIrIo~HeHHeM 3aKOHOB rIo 3a~nTe ~BOTHEIX B mTaTe Macca~yceTc. 06~eCTBo no~y~o ~HpOKOe lIpH3HaHHe KaK HaLlHoHa~BHEIn ~ep B ~e~e HpaBCTBeHHOrO BOCrInTaHH~, H3~aHH~ nTepaTypLI, peIIIeHH~ 3aKoHo~aTe~BHEIx BorIpocoB ~ BorIpocoB BeTep~HapHOn Me~HHEI. Haq~oHa~bHaR accoq~aq~R no 6HoMe'~MHcK~M Mcc~e'~osaHM~M National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), 818 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 303, Washington, DC 20006 (Te~.: 202-857-0540; ~aKc: 202-659-1902; 3~. r~o~Ta: nabr-fbr@access.digex.net; URL: http://www.fiesta.com/nabr). NAB R rIpe~cTas~eT co6On HeKoMMep~ecKyIo opraHn3aunIo, ~eHaMn KOTOpOH SIB~SlIOTCH 350 Hay~Hux ~ upoMum~eHHux y~pe~eHnn. 3a~a~a accounaunn crIocodcTsosaTB co3~aHnIo o6mecTseHHoro MHeHn~, lIplI3Halo~ero Ba*HeH~ylO po~E ~CH0~30BaHH~ ~a6opaTopH~x *HBOTH~X B ncc~e~osaHn~x, oGy~eHnn ~ ncrI~TaH~x Ha 6e3orIacHocTB. NAB R C~y*nT lICTOIIHlIKOM lIH~OpMa~H B OTHO~eHHU Cy~eCTByIO~UX ~ BBIHOCHMBIX Ha paCCMOTpeHlIe 3aKOHOB lI lIpaB~I lIO 3aILllITe *lIBOTHEIX Ha Ha~HOHa~BHOM ypOBHe, ypOBHe IIITaTa lI Ha MeCTHOM ypOBHe.

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118 IZP~JIO~H~E ~ - oPL~3~, MERE OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM OT,~e~ HO Salute OT PACKS HPH upoBe~eHMM Ha~Hb1X Mcc~e~oBaHMM Office for Protection from Research Risks (OPRR), National Institutes of Health, 6100 Executive Blvd., Suite 3B01, Rockville, MD 20892 (Te~.: 301-496-7163-5353; Isaac: 301-402-2803~. YrIPaB~eHHe 3a~HTM *HBOTH~X OPRR surIo~H~eT o6~3aHHocTu, c~opMy~uposaHHme,~upeKTusaMn C~y*6m 3,~pasooxpaHeHn~ (PHS). OHS BK~IOHaIOT Pa3Pa60TKY, KOHTPO~B ~ rIPOBePKY CO6~IO~eH~ rIo~nT~KH PHS B OTHO~eHHU ryMaHHOrO co,~ep~aHn~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaHH~ ~abopaTopHux *HBOTHEIX, KOTOPaH PaCTIPOCTPaHHeTCH Ha *HBOTHEIX, ~CrIO~B3YeMBIX B ~CC~e~OBaHHSIX, lIpOBO'~HMBIX lIpH y~acTun H~H rIo,~,~ep*Ke ~Io6oro rIo,~pa3,~eJIeHn~ PHS; s~IpaboTKy KpuTepnes, rapaHTupyIom~x co6JIIo,~eHne HO~HT~KH PHS y~pe~eH~MH7 BBIHO~HRIO~HMU 3KCHepUMeHTEI Ha ~BOTHEIX rIpu y~acTun ~n rIo,~ep*Ke PHS; pyKoso,~cTso rIo,~roTosKon ~ pea~3aunen 06pa30BaTe~BHEIX ~ y~e6HEIX HpOrpaMM, KaCaIO~UXCH 3KCHepUMeHTa~BHOrO lICTIO3IB30BaH~ *HBOTHEIX ~ O~eHKy 3~eKTHBHOCTH HO~HT~KH ~ HpOrpaMM PHS B OTHO~eHHU ryMaHHOrO CO~ep~aH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaH~ ~a60paTOpHEIX IBOTHEIX. Ilp~MaTo~or~ecK~ ~H`popMau~oHHb~ ~eHTp Primate Information Center, Regional Primate Research Center SJ-5O, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (Te~.: 206-543-4376; franc: 206-865-0305~. 3a,~a~a IlpuMaTo~ornHecKoro nH~OpMaunOHHOrO ~eHTpa COCTOUT B o6ecHeHeHHU ~CC~e~OBaTe~eH ~ HpeHO~aBaTe~eH 06mHpHEIM 6~6JInOrpa~eCK~M ,~OCTyrIOM KO BCen Hay'IHOn JInTepaType rIo rIpuMaTaM. ~eHTp pacuo~araeT ~nTepaTypon no BCeM BH~aM ny6~nKaunn (CTaTEH, MOHOrpa~H, pe~epaT~I, TeXHUIIeCKHe OTIIeTEI, ~nccepTaunn, r~aBBI KHU T.rI.) ~ Ha MHorne TeMBI (rIoBe'~eHHe' opraHH3aLlH~ KO~OHHn, 3Ko~ornH' pa3MHo~eHne' r~o~es~Ie nCc~e'~oBaHn~, Mo,~e~n 3a60~esaHnn, seTep~Hap~, ~apMaKoJIornH' ~3HoJIornH' 3BOJIIO~H, TaKCOHOMH~, reHeT~Ka, 300reorpa~ ~ T.~.~. ~eHTp HMeeT 06~HpHyIO KOM0BIOTepHyIO 6a3y ~aHHEIx7 KOTOpaSI ~CTIO~B3yeTCH ~H ny6~nKaunn pa3~HHEIX 6~6~norpa~ecKnx MaTepHa~OB. Ilo,~6OpKa MaTepHa~OB lIO HpUMaTO~OrHHeCK~M nCC~e,~OBaH~M ~B~HeTcH'~ocTaTo~Ho rIo~Hon. TeM He MeHee, ~eHTp Hpe~CTaB~HeT co60n He 6~6JInoTeKy, a 6~6JInorpa~ulIecKy~o CJIy*6y, rIo3ToMy, KaK rIpas~JIo, HMelomnecH B HeM MaTepHa~BI He BBI,~alOTCH Ha pyKn. LteHTp '~e~aeT ncK~IolIeH~ Ha nH,~HB~ya~EHon ocHoBe B Tex c~y~a~x, Kor,~a ncc~e,~osaTe~ He MO*eT HanTH Hy*HEIn eMy MaTepHa~ B '~pyroM MeCTe. Ilp~MaTOJIOr~eCK~ ~HOpMaL~OHHbI~ 06MeHHbI~ L~eHTp Primate Supply Information Clearinghouse (PSIC), Cathy A. Johnson-Delany, Director, Regional Primate Research Center SJ-5O, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (Te~.: 206-543-5178; ~aKc: 206-685-0305; a~. r~o~Ta: cathydj@bart.rprc. washington.edu).

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IZP~JIO~H~E ~ - oPL~3~, MERE OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 119 3a,~a~a PSIC COCTOUT B 06eCHeHeHHU CBSI3H Merry Hay~HO- lICC3Ie~OBaTe~BCK~MU y~pe~eH~M~, 300HapKaMU ~ ~OMa~HUMU KO~OHH~MU rho passe,~eHn~o r~puMaTos c ~e~B~o a~eKTusHoro o6MeHa obeaB~HaMn, ux TKaH~Mn, o60py,~osaHneM ~ pas~Horo polka odc~y~saHneM. PSIC TaK*e r~y6~nKyeT > ~ >. Ilyp~Ha Medic, IIHK.Purina Mills, Inc., 505 North 4th and D Street, Richmond, IN 47374. KoMr~aHn~ Ilyp~Ha Manic r~pe,~araeT sao~Hun Kypc rho yxo,~y sa 0paTOpH~MU *HBOTH~MU (Laboratory Animal Care Course) ,~ any, pa60TalO~UX C Me~K~MU *HBOTH~MH. Kypc COCTOUT HS ~eCTH HaCTeH: BBe,~eHHe B KypC HO ~a6opaTopHuM *HBOTHuM; CO,~ep~aHHe ~a6opaTopHux ~BOTHuX; pa3Me~eHHe' o6opy'~oBaHHe ~ yXo'~; 6oJIe3Hn ~ ux rIpO~aKT~Ka; r~occapun; scr~oMoraTe~Hoe o6Opy,~osaHne ~ r~po~ne BorIpocM. Ha~HblM ~eHTp 3a~HTb! ^MBOTHblX Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (SCAW), 7833 Walker Drive, Suite 34O, Greenbelt, MD 20770 (Te~.: 301-345- 3500; ~aKc: 301-345-3503~. SCAWSIB~ReTCSI He3aBUCHMOH opraHn3aunen' o6~e,~nH~omen OT~e~EH~X HLl ~ ylIpe*,~eHH~, 3aHuMalo~HecH nCC~e,~OBaHH~Mn Ha *HBOTHuX ~ o6ecrIoKoeHHMe BOrIpOCaMn ryMaHHoro OTHOmeH~ K HuM Ha CaMOM BuCOKOM ypOBHe. SCAW rly6~nKyeT pa3~HHMe MaTepHa~' opraHH3yeT KOH~epeH~n ~ oKa3usaeT HO,D;,D;ep*Ky pa3Hoo6pa3HuM 06pa30BaTe~BH~M MepOUpH~T~M. YH~sepc~TeTcKa~ ~e,~epau~ no sa~HTe ~BOTHb1X Universities Federation for AnimalWelfare (UFAW),8 Hamilton Close, South Mimms, Potters Bar, Herts EN6 3QD, United Kingdom (TeJI.: 44-707-58202; ~aKc: 44-707-49279~. UFAW 6~ma OCHOBaHa B 1926 r. KaK 06~eCTBo 3a~HTM ~BOTHEIX HpH ~OH~OHCKOM yHUBepCHTeTe (University of London Animal Welfare Society ULAWS). Ilo Mepe pacmnpeHn~ ,~e~Te~HocTn o6mecTsa ~ c ~e~o r~pus~e~eHn~ 60~mero ~nc~a H~eHOB B 1938 r. 6~a co3,~aHa UFAW, B KOTOpOH U LAWS cTa~o r~epsuM oT,~e~eHneM. UFAWn3,~aeT <> ~ ,~pyrne r~y6~nKaunn. OT,~e~ co6~o,~eH~ saKoHos u0 sam~Te ~soTHb~x lIHcueKu~oHHoro y~pas~eH~ IIO oxpaHe ~K~soTHb~x ~ pacTeH~ M~H~cTepcTsa ceJIbcKoro xo3~cTsa Coe,~HeHHb~x IIITaTos United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Regulatory Enforcement of Animal Care (REAC), 4700 River Road, Unit 84, Riverdale, MD 20737-1234 (Te~.: 301-734-4981; ~aKc: 301-734-4328; 3JI. rIOIITa: sstith@aphis.usda.gov). 3a,~a~a REAC o6ecrIeHeHHe pyKOBO,~CTBa B Hp~HSITHU HpHeM~eM~X CTaH~apTOB ryMaHHOrO CO~ep~aH~ ~ ~CHO~B30BaH~ *HBOTHEIX, KOHTpO~B rapaHTun C06~IO,~eH~ TaKHX CTaH~apTOB HyTeM UHCHeK~HOHHEIX HpOBepOK rIpocseTuTe~BcKon ,~e~Te~BHocTn ~ pa3paboTKu cosMecTH~Ix rIporpaMM. B OT~e~e MO*HO HO~yHUTB KOHHU ~OCTaHOB~eH~ O 3a~HTe ~BOTHEIX (Animal Welfare Regulations) ~ 3aKoHa o 3a~nTe ~BOTHEIX (Animal Welfare Act).

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120 IZP~JIO~H~E ~ - oPL~3~, MERE OTHO~EH~E K~OPATOPHLIM^BOTHLIM 13~6~oTeKa per~oHa~bHoro up~MaTo~or~ecKoro Ha~HO-MCC~e~OBaTe~bCKOrO Bertha Errata B~CKOHCHH Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center (WRPRC) Library, University of Wisconsin, 1220 Capitol Court, Madison, WI 53715-1299 (Te~.: 608-263-3512; franc: 608-263-4031; an. Cotta: library@primate.wisc.edu: URL: http://www.primate.wisc.edu/WRPRC). Bu6~noTeKa oKa3usaeT lIO,~,~ep*Ky Hay~HO-HCC~e~OBaTe~BCK~M rIporpaMMaM WRPRC ~ cHoco6cTByeT pacHpocTpaHeHnIo B crepe Hay~Hon 06~eCTBeHHOCTH UH~OpMa~H, KacaIomenc~ HpUMaTOB. Bu6~noTeKa pacrIo~araeT KHlIraMlI, lIeplIO~HeCK~MU H3~aHH~M~, UH~OpMa~HOHHEIMU 6IO~eTeH~MU ~ ~pyrUMU ~OKyMeHTaMU Ha BCeX pickax no BOUpOCaM rIpuMaTo~ornn. B 6~6~HoTeKe HMeeTcH crIe~Ha~BHMn oT'~e~ pe'~KHx KHur ~ ay~HOBH3ya~BHEIX MaTepHa~OB.