Appendixes



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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research Appendixes

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research This page in the original is blank.

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research A Remote Sensing Systems Table A.1 on pages 56-61 presents selected historical, current, and planned remote sensing systems operated by governmental, commercial, and public-private (government and commercial) organizations that provide data of value for scientific research.

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research TABLE A.1 Selected Government, Commercial, and Public-Private Remote Sensing Systems Remote Sensing System Data Acquisition Model Operator Launch (end service date) Capability: Spatial/Spectral Resolution Revisit in Days Status U. S. Data Providers Landsat 3 RBV MSS Government NASA and NOAA 1978 (1983) 1 RBV band at 40 m 4 MSS bands at 80 m 1 MSS TIR band at 240 m 18 Retired Landsat 4 TM MSS Public-Private EOSAT, Inc. Space Imaging, Inc. NASA 1982 (1987) 6 TM bands at 30 m 1 TM TIR band at 120 m 4 MSS bands at 80 m 16 Retired Landsat 5 TM MSS Public-Private EOSAT, Inc. Space Imaging, Inc. NASA 1984 6 TM bands at 30 m 1 TM TIR band at 120 m 4 MSS bands at 80 m 16 Operational Landsat 6 ETM Commercial EOSAT, Inc. 1993 1 ETM Pan band at 15 m 6 ETM bands at 30 m 1 ETM TIR band at 60 m 16 Failed Landsat 7 ETM+ Government USGS EROS Data Center 1999 1 ETM+ Pan band at 15 m 6 ETM+ bands at 30 m 1 ETM+ TIR band at 60 m 16 Operational Landsat Follow-on Public-Private TBD 2003 TBD TBD Planned

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research AVHRR Government NOAA 1970s to present 2 MS bands at 1.1 km 3 MS TIR bands at 1.1 km Daily Operational IKONOS 1 Pan MS Commercial Space Imaging, Inc. 1999 1 Pan band at 0.82–1 m 4 MS bands at 4 m 3 to 5 Failed IKONOS 2 Commercial Space Imaging, Inc. 1999 1 Pan band at 0.82–1 m 4 MS bands at 4 m 3 to 5 Operational IKONOS 3 Commercial Space Imaging, Inc. 2003 0.5 Pan band at <1 m 2 MS bands at 4 m 3 to 5 Planned Earlybird Commercial EarthWatch, Inc. (now DigitalGlobe, Inc.) 1997 1 Pan band at 3 m 3 MS bands at 15 m 1 to 5 Failed QuickBird 1 Commercial EarthWatch, Inc. (now DigitalGlobe, Inc.) 2000 1 Pan band at 1 m 4 MS bands at 4 m 1 to 5 Failed QuickBird 2 Commercial EarthWatch, Inc (now DigitalGlobe, Inc.) Oct. 2001 1 Pan band at 61 cm 4 MS bands a 1 to 5 Operational OrbView 2 (SeaWiFS) Public-Private OrbImage, Inc. 1997 8 MS bands at 1.13 km 1 Operational OrbView 3 Public-Private OrbImage, Inc. 2002 1 Pan band at 1 m 4 MS bands at 4 m <3 Planned

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research Remote Sensing System Data Acquisition Model Operator Launch (end service date) Capability: Spatial/Spectral Resolution Revisit in Days Status OrbView 4 Public-Private OrbImage, Inc. 2001 1 Pan band at 1 m 4 MS bands at 4 m 8-m hyperspectral data (can sell reprocessed 20-m hyperspectral data to nongovernment [approved] entities) <3 Failed Terra Satellite Government NASA 2000   Variable   ASTER   4 MS bands at 15 m 6 SWIR bands at 30 m 5 TIR bands at 60 m   Operational MISR   4 MS bands at 9 look angles from 275 m to 1.1 km   Operational MODIS   2 MS bands at 250 m 5 MS bands at 500 m 12 MS bands at 1 km 7 SWIR bands at 1 km 10 TIR bands at 1 km   Operational

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research European Data Providers SPOT 1-2 Public-Private Spot Image, Inc. 1986 and 1990 1 Pan band at 10 m 3 MS bands at 20 m 1 to 4 Standby in 1990 SPOT 3 Public-Private Spot Image, Inc. 1993 (1996) 1 Pan band at10 m 3 MS bands at 20 m 1 to 4 Failed SPOT 4 Public-Private Spot Image, Inc. 1998 1 Pan band at 10 m 3 MS bands at 20 m 1 SWIR band at 20 m 4 vegetation bands at 1.15 km 1 to 4 Operational SPOT 5 Public-Private Spot Image, Inc. 2003 1 Pan band at 2.5 m 3 MS bands at 10 m 1 SWIR band at 10 m 4 vegetation bands at 1.15 km 1 to 4 Planned ERS-1 Government ESA 1991 30–50-m SAR 3 to 35 Operational ERS-2 Government ESA 1995 30–50-m SAR 3 to 35 Operational ENVISAT Government ESA 2001 30-m SAR 3 to 35 Operational SPIN-N KVR-1000 Government Russian Sovinformsputnik 1992 [available publicly in 2000] 1 band at 2 m 45 days in orbit, each launch Operational

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research Remote Sensing System Data Acquisition Model Operator Launch (end service date) Capability: Spatial/Spectral Resolution   Revisit in Days Status Canadian Data Providers Radarsat 1a Government Canadian Space Agency 1995 8-m SAR at various resolutions   3 to 24 Operational Radarsat 2 Public-Private Canadian Space Agency and McDonald Detwiller, Inc. 2004 3-m SAR at various resolutions   3 to 24 Planned Other Data Providers EROS A1 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2000 1 Pan band at 1.8m 1 to 4 (depends on number of satellites in orbit) Operational EROS B1 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2003 1 Pan band at 0.82 m Planned EROS B2 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2003 1 Pan band at 0.82 m Planned EROS B3 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2004 1 Pan band at 0.82 m Planned EROS B4 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2004 1 Pan band at 0.82 m Planned EROS B5 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2004 1 Pan band at 0.82 m Planned EROS B6 Commercial ImageSat, Int. 2004 1 Pan band at 0.82 m Planned IRS-1 A Government Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) 1988 4 MS bands at 36.25 and 72.5 m   22 Operational IRS-1 B Government ISRO 1991 4 MS bands at 36.25 m and 72.5 m 22 Operational IRS-1 C Government ISRO 1995 1 Pan band at 5.8 m 3 MS bands at 23 m 1 SWIR band at 70 m 2 MS bands at 188 m 5 to 24 Operational

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Toward New Partnerships in Remote Sensing: Government, the Private Sector, and Earth Science Research IRS-1 D Government ISRO 1997 1 Pan band at 5.8 m 3 MS bands at 23 m 1 SWIR band at 70 m 2 MS bands at 188 m 5 to 24 Operational NOTE: All acronyms are defined in Appendix D; TBD, to be determined. aRadarsat 1 is noted as a government system because it was funded by the Canadian government. SOURCES: Commercial and government remote sensing data-provider Web sites; Yahya A. Dehquanzad cial Satellite Imagery Will Change the World, Washington, D. C., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2000; John R. Jensen, Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective, Upper Saddle River, N. J., Prentice-Hall, 2000; and William E. Stoney, “Summary of Land Imaging Satellites Planned to Be Operational by 2006,” Mitretek Systems, July 2, 2001, available online at <http://www.asprs.org/news>.