those for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and NOAA in the Department of Commerce would decrease by 5.5 and 19.4 percent, respectively.
In sum, the President's priorities for science and technology in FY 2003 focus primarily on biomedical research as the Administration seeks to fulfill its campaign promise to complete the doubling of the budget for the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Whereas the Administration proposes a 14.6 percent increase for NIH, the rest of FS&T budget excluding NIH would be relatively flat, increasing less than 1 percent in constant dollars. In constant dollars, as seen in Figure 1, the NIH budget would increase by $3.4 billion, while all of the rest of the FS&T budget would increase by just $221 million, taking both proposed increases and decreases into account. As a result, the increase in the NIH budget represents 94 percent of the proposed increase in FS&T.
The NIH budget now dominates F&ST spending. As shown in Figure 2, were the Administration's proposals enacted, the NIH budget as a percentage of the FS&T budget would increase to 48 percent, or almost half, up from about 40 percent in FY 2000. In 2001, NIH provided 60 percent of federal funding for university-based research. This percentage is likely to increase given the disparate trends in funding across fields. 12
Since the tragic events of September 11, 2001, the science and engineering community has sought to contribute its technological expertise to near- and long-term solutions to problems associated with countering terrorism and
National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies, Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1999, 2000, 2001, Volume 49 (NSF 01-328), Arlington, Va.: National Science Foundation, 2001, Tables C-29 and C-40.