References

ADL (Arthur D. Little). 2001. ADL Assessment of AEA Membrane Failure and Resolutions Report, November 6. Cambridge, Mass.: Arthur D. Little.

AEA (AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.). 2000. ACW II Demo II Report, AEA Draft Final PM-ACWA Demonstration II Test Program Technical Report, contract number DAAD1300-C-0014, November 17. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command.

AEA. 2001a. PMACWA EDS II Final Draft Engineering Design Package Submittal, Project No. 158118.EP, December 15. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001b. PMACWA EDS II Initial Draft Engineering Design Package Submittal, Project No. 158118.EP, June 26. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001c. Engineering Design Study Plan for Assessment of Technologies for Assembled Chemical Weapon Demilitarization, April. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001d. EDS II M28 and Comp B SILVER II™ Processing Trials (draft), Report Number 20/3034/13/006, November 6. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001e. DMMP 500-Hour Run SILVER II™ Processing Trials, Report Number 20/3034/13/006 (draft), December 21. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001f. Investigation into the 12-kW SILVER II™ Plant Membrane Failures, Report Number 20/3034/13/005 Issue A, September 25. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services Inc.

AEA. 2001g. High Shear Mixer Trials for the 12-kW SILVER II™ Plant, Report Number 20/3034/13/002 Issue A. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001h. AEA Presentation to Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment EDP Review Meeting Independent Evaluators, CH2MHill Offices, Gainesville, Fla., October 25−26.

AEA. 2001i. Hydrocyclone Trials for the 12-kW SILVER II™ Plant, Report Number 20/3034/13/001 Issue B, September 18. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001j. FM01 SILVER II™ ̱− Organic Transfer, Report Number 20/ 3034/13/007 (draft), November 11. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001k. Fluoride Mobility Report, Report Number 20/3034/13/011 (draft), November 14. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001l. Fluoride Removal System, Report Number 20/3034/13/009 (draft), November 14. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001m. Cell Membrane Life Tests, Report Number 20/3034/13/004 (final), December 12. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001n. Silver Recovery from Silver Chloride, Report Number 20/ 3034/13/003 (final R1), December 15. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AEA. 2001o. Evaporator Trials for the Full Scale SILVER II™ EDP Plant, Report Number 20/3034/13/008 (final R1), December 30. Pittsburgh, Pa. : AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.

AIChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers). 1992. Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures, 2nd Edition with Worked Examples. New York, N.Y.: Center for Chemical Process Safety of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

Ayen, R.J., C.R. Palmer, and C.P. Swanstrom. 1994. Thermal desorption. Pp. 265-310 in Hazardous Waste Site Soil Remediation: Theory and Application of Innovative Technologies. D.J. Wilson and A.N. Clarke, eds. New York, N.Y.: Marcel Dekker.


Bonnett, P.C. 2000. Test Plan Requirements: Characterization of an Energetic Hydrolysis Reactor System at Holston Army Ammunition Plant, July 12. Picatinny Arsenal, N.J.: U.S. Army Tank-Automotive & Armaments Command-Army Research and Development Engineering Center.

Bonnett, P., and B. Elmasri. 2001. Base Hydrolysis Process for the Destruction of Energetic Materials, October. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment.



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Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot References ADL (Arthur D. Little). 2001. ADL Assessment of AEA Membrane Failure and Resolutions Report, November 6. Cambridge, Mass.: Arthur D. Little. AEA (AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc.). 2000. ACW II Demo II Report, AEA Draft Final PM-ACWA Demonstration II Test Program Technical Report, contract number DAAD1300-C-0014, November 17. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command. AEA. 2001a. PMACWA EDS II Final Draft Engineering Design Package Submittal, Project No. 158118.EP, December 15. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001b. PMACWA EDS II Initial Draft Engineering Design Package Submittal, Project No. 158118.EP, June 26. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001c. Engineering Design Study Plan for Assessment of Technologies for Assembled Chemical Weapon Demilitarization, April. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001d. EDS II M28 and Comp B SILVER II™ Processing Trials (draft), Report Number 20/3034/13/006, November 6. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001e. DMMP 500-Hour Run SILVER II™ Processing Trials, Report Number 20/3034/13/006 (draft), December 21. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001f. Investigation into the 12-kW SILVER II™ Plant Membrane Failures, Report Number 20/3034/13/005 Issue A, September 25. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services Inc. AEA. 2001g. High Shear Mixer Trials for the 12-kW SILVER II™ Plant, Report Number 20/3034/13/002 Issue A. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001h. AEA Presentation to Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment EDP Review Meeting Independent Evaluators, CH2MHill Offices, Gainesville, Fla., October 25−26. AEA. 2001i. Hydrocyclone Trials for the 12-kW SILVER II™ Plant, Report Number 20/3034/13/001 Issue B, September 18. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001j. FM01 SILVER II™ ̱− Organic Transfer, Report Number 20/ 3034/13/007 (draft), November 11. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001k. Fluoride Mobility Report, Report Number 20/3034/13/011 (draft), November 14. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001l. Fluoride Removal System, Report Number 20/3034/13/009 (draft), November 14. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001m. Cell Membrane Life Tests, Report Number 20/3034/13/004 (final), December 12. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001n. Silver Recovery from Silver Chloride, Report Number 20/ 3034/13/003 (final R1), December 15. Pittsburgh, Pa.: AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AEA. 2001o. Evaporator Trials for the Full Scale SILVER II™ EDP Plant, Report Number 20/3034/13/008 (final R1), December 30. Pittsburgh, Pa. : AEA Technology Engineering Services, Inc. AIChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers). 1992. Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures, 2nd Edition with Worked Examples. New York, N.Y.: Center for Chemical Process Safety of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Ayen, R.J., C.R. Palmer, and C.P. Swanstrom. 1994. Thermal desorption. Pp. 265-310 in Hazardous Waste Site Soil Remediation: Theory and Application of Innovative Technologies. D.J. Wilson and A.N. Clarke, eds. New York, N.Y.: Marcel Dekker. Bonnett, P.C. 2000. Test Plan Requirements: Characterization of an Energetic Hydrolysis Reactor System at Holston Army Ammunition Plant, July 12. Picatinny Arsenal, N.J.: U.S. Army Tank-Automotive & Armaments Command-Army Research and Development Engineering Center. Bonnett, P., and B. Elmasri. 2001. Base Hydrolysis Process for the Destruction of Energetic Materials, October. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment.

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Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot Brewer, J.H., R.C. Ehlers, and R. Martinez. 2001. Product Gas Agent Analysis Method Development, Final Report, December 13. Cambridge, Mass.: Arthur D. Little. Buchanan, J.H., L.C. Buettner, A.B. Butrow, and D.E. Tevault. 1999. Vapor Pressure of VX, ECBC-TR-068, November. Fort Belvoir, Va.: Defense Technical Information Center. Burns and Roe. 1999. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment Program Final Report, June. Oradell, N.J.: Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc. Chiba, Z., B. Schumacher, P. Lewis, and L. Murguia. 1995. Mediated Electrochemical Oxidation as an Alternative to Incineration for Mixed Wastes, UCRL-JC-119133, February. Livermore, Calif.: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Crooker, Paul, and Al Ahluwalia, Foster Wheeler Development Corporation, Briefing to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons Phase II, National Academy of Sciences, Irvine, Calif., January 3, 2002. DoD (Department of Defense). 1997. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment Program Annual Report to Congress, December. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. DoD. 1998. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment Program Annual Report to Congress, December. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. DoD. 1999. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment Program Supplemental Report to Congress, September. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. DoD. 2000. MIL-STD-882D, Department of Defense Standard Practice for System Safety, February 10. Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense. DOE (Department of Energy). 2001. Technical Resource Document on Permitting of AEA Technology for Mixed Waste Treatment, DOE Mixed Waste Focus Area Report. Washington, D.C.: Department of Energy. Eco Logic. 2001a. Engineering Design Package Final Submittal, December 14. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001b. Engineering Design Package Draft Submittal, September 28. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001c. Briefing package presented to EDS Design Package Review Meeting, Houston, Tex., October 29-30. Eco Logic. 2001d. Briefing package presented at EDS Design Package Review Meeting, Houston, Tex., August 9-10. Eco Logic. 2001e. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Final Study Plan, March 30. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001f. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Test Program, Final Testing Report, Explosivity Testing, December 7. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001g. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Test Program, Draft Testing Report, Metallurgy Testing, October 5. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001h. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Test Program, Final Testing Report, Elastomers Testing, November 27. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001i. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Test Program, Final Testing Report, Grinding Tests, December 21. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. EDE (El Dorado Engineering). 2001a. Water Jet Cutting and Burster Washout for Chemical Agent Munitions, December 3. Salt Lake City, Utah: El Dorado Engineering, Inc. EDE. 2001b. Literature Review on Energetic Slurry Concentrations and Handling, August 21. Salt Lake City, Utah: El Dorado Engineering, Inc. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1998. Human Health Risk Assessment Protocol for Hazardous Waste Combustor Facilities, EPA 530-D-98-001, July. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. Foster Wheeler. 2000. Foster Wheeler/Eco Logic/Kvaerner Draft Final PMACWA Demonstration II Test Program Technical Report, contract number DAAD1300-C-0014, November 17. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command. Foster Wheeler. 2001. Supercritical Water Oxidation (SCWO) Engineering Design Studies II—TW—SCWO GB Campaign Operability Draft Test Report, December 31. Livingston, N.J.: Foster Wheeler Development Corporation. General Atomics. 1993. Design, Development Test Results: Munitions Cryofracture Test Summary, Testing Support of the Cryofracture/Incineration Demonstration Plant (CIDP) Test Program, contract number DACA87-90-C00013, December 22. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 1999a. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (ACWA) Draft Test Technical Report, June 30. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 1999b. Responses to PMACWA Questions and Clarification Request: General Atomics Final Technical Report. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 2000a. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (ACWA), Engineering Design Study Plan, May 25. San Diego, Calif.: General Atomics. General Atomics. 2000b. ACWA Engineering Design Study, Final GATS Full-Scale Preliminary Design Engineering Package, October 27. San Diego, Calif.: General Atomics. General Atomics. 2001a. GATS Blue Grass Draft Final Submittal Design. San Diego, Calif.: General Atomics. General Atomics. 2001b. Independent Evaluators Presentation, GATS Blue Grass Draft Design Briefing (Draft Final Submittal), General Atomics Offices, San Diego, Calif., October 22. General Atomics. 2001c. GATS Blue Grass Full-Scale Preliminary Engineering Design Package, contract number DAAM01-98-D0003, June. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 2001d. ACWA Engineering Design Study Plan Addendum, Supercritical Water Oxidation Testing of VX Hydrolysate Surrogate, September 27. San Diego, Calif.: General Atomics. General Atomics. 2001e. GATS Blue Grass Preliminary Design Briefing to the Independent Evaluators, General Atomics Offices, San Diego, Calif., July 16-18. General Atomics. 2001f. GATS Blue Grass Final Design Briefing to the Independent Evaluators, Cambridge, Mass., November 19. General Atomics. 2001g. Engineering Design Studies Draft Interim Test Report, Supercritical Water Oxidation of Tetrytol Hydrolysate/Dunnage Slurry, contract number DAAM01-98-D-0003, GA-C23787, August. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 2001h. Engineering Design Studies Draft Interim Test Report, Supercritical Water Oxidation of M28 Hydrolysate/Cyclotol Hydrolysate/Dunnage Slurry, contract number DAAM01-98-D-0003, GA-C23825, September. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 2001i. Engineering Design Studies Draft Interim Test Report, Supercritical Water Oxidation of GB Hydrolysate and GB Hydrolysate Simulant, contract number DAAM01-98-D-0003, GA-C23868, November. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment.

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Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot General Atomics. 2001j. ACWA (CDRL A010) Engineering Design Studies Supercritical Water Oxidation of VX Hydrolysate Simulant: Workup and Corrosion Test, GA-C23893, contract number DAAM01-98-D-0003, General Atomics Project 30012, November 2001. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. General Atomics. 2001k. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (ACWA) , Engineering Design Studies, Draft Test Report, February 10. San Diego, Calif.: General Atomics. Hong, Glenn, General Atomics, Briefing to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons, Phase II, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., February 8, 2001. Macdonald, D., and L. Kriksunov. 2001. Probing the Chemical and Electrochemical Properties of SCWO Systems, prepublication copy. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Center for Electrochemical Science and Technology. McCloskey, Gary, site project manager, PMCD, Briefing to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Anniston Chemical Disposal Facility, Anniston, Ala., March 18, 1999. NRC (National Research Council). 1993. Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1998. Using Supercritical Water Oxidation to Treat Hydrolysate from VX Neutralization. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2000a. Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons—A Supplemental Review. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2000b. Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001a. Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001b. Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons, A Supplemental Review for Demonstration II. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001c. Update on the Engineering Design Studies in the NRC Report: Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001d. Assessment of Supercritical Water Oxidation Technology Development for Treatment of VX Hydrolysate at the Newport Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. Letter Report of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: Board on Army Science and Technology. Parsons-Allied Signal. 1999. Assessment of Technologies for Assembled Chemical Weapons Demilitarization, Demonstration Test Final Report, July 1. Pasadena, Calif.: Parsons Corporation. Parsons. 2001. Assessment of Technologies for Assembled Chemical Weapons Demilitarization EDS Test Report, CST-CATOX Testing, CST Report No. CW7/I&T/737204EDS, November 12. Pasadena, Calif.: Parsons Corporation. Penski, Elwin C. 1994. The Properties of 2-Propylmethylfluorophosphonate (GB). I. Vapor Pressure Data Review and Analysis, ERDEC-TR-166, June. Edgewood, Md.: U.S. Army Edgewood Research, Development, and Engineering Center. PMACWA (Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment). 2001. Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment ACWA, Engineering Design Study, Projectile Washer System Testing, Interim Report, August 31, 2001. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment. PMCD (Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization). 1996. PMCD Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Risk Management Program Requirements, May. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. PMCD. 1997. PMCD Guide to Risk Management Policy and Activities, Rev. 0, May. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. Prugh, R.W. 1998. Safe-Design Concepts for a Hydrogen-Reduction Process. Wilmington, Del.: Process Safety Engineering, Inc. Samuel, J.B., E.C. Penski, and J.J. Callahan, 1983. Physical Properties of Standard Agents, Candidate Agents, and Related Compounds at Several Temperatures, ARCSL-SP-83015, Unclassified Report, June. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Army Armament Research and Development Command. 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