pointed with strict attention to avoiding conflict of interest, balancing biases, and ensuring broad representation. This panel should be supported by permanent technical staff to ensure consistency of reviews over time. EPA should follow the panel’s guidance on the need for peer review.

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Krupnick, A., A. Alberini, M. Cropper, N. Simon, B. O’Brien, R. Goeree, and M. Heintzelman. 2002. Age, health, and the willingness to pay for mortality risk reductions: A contingent valuation survey of Ontario residents. J. Risk Uncertainty 24(2):161-186.


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