Luoma, S. N. 1995. Prediction of metal toxicity in nature from bioassays: limitations and research needs . Pp. 609-646 In: Metal speciation and bioavailability in aquatic systems. A. Tessier and D. Turner (eds.). London: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Mackay, D., and S. Paterson. 1991. Evaluating the multimedia fate of organic chemicals: a level III fugacity model. Environ. Sci. Technol. 25:427-436.
Maddaloni, M. 2000. Presentation to the NRC Committee on Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments. October 13, 2000. Woods Hole, MA.
Magee, B., P. Anderson, and D. Burmaster. 1996. Absorption adjustment factor (AAF) distributions for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Human Ecol. Risk Assess. 2(4):841-873.
Malone, L. A. 2002. Environmental regulation of land use. Section 9.03(5). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Office of Research and Standards. 1992. Documentation for the risk assessment short form—residential scenario. Policy #WSC/ORS-142-92. Boston, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office of the Secretary of State.
Menzie, C. A., D. E. Burmaster, J. S. Freshman, and C. A. Callahan. 1992. Assessment of methods for estimating ecological risk in the terrestrial component: a case study at the Baird & McGurie Superfund site in Holbrook, Massachusetts. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 11:245-260.
Menzie, C. A., A. M. Burke, D. Grasso, M. Harnois, B. Magee, D. McDonald, C. Montgomery, A. Nichols, J. Pignatello, B. Price, R. Price, J. Rose, J. Shatkin, B. Smets, J. Smith, and S. Svirsky. 2000. An approach for incorporating information on chemical availability in soils into risk assessment and risk-based decision making. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 6(3):479-510.
MPCA. 1999. Risk-based guidance for soil-human health pathway. Volume 2. Technical support document. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. Available at: http://hubble.pca.state.mn.us/cleanup/pubs/srv3_99.pdf.
Moore, J. N., and S. N. Luoma. 1990. Hazardous wastes from large scale metal extraction: A case study. Environ. Sci. Technol. 24:1279-1285.
Neely, W. B., and D. Mackay. 1982. Evaluative model for estimating environmental fate. Pp. 127-144 In: Modeling the fate of chemicals in the aquatic environment. K. L. Dickson, A. W. Maki, and J. Cairns Jr. (eds.). Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Science Publishers.
Nichols, J. W., C. P. Larsen, M. E. McDonald, G. J. Niemi, and G. T. Ankley. 1995. Bioenergetics-based model for accumulation of PCBs by nesting tree swallows, Tachycineta bicolor. Environ. Sci. Technol. 29:604-612.
Novick, S. 2002. The law of environmental protection. Section 13.05(3)(G). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.
National Research Council (NRC). 1983. Risk assessment in the federal government: managing the process. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1993. Issues in risk assessment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
O’Conner, G. A., D. Kiehl, G. A. Eiceman, and J. A. Ryan. 1990. Plant uptake of sludge-borne PCBs. J. Environ. Qual. 19:113-118.
O’Connor, G., R. M. Brobst, R. L. Chaney, R. L. Kincaid, L. R. McDowell, G. M. Pierzynski, A. Rubin, and G. G. Van Riper. 2001. A modified risk assessment to establish molybdenum standards for land application of biosolids. J. Environ. Qual. 30:1490-1507.
Ohio Department of Commerce. 1992. Risk assessment guidance document. Columbus, OH: Division of State Fire Marshall, Bureau of Underground Storage Tank Regulations.
OIS. 1998. Commentary on the ordinance of 1 July 1998 relating to impacts on the soil. Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL). Order number VU-4809-E.
Oklahoma DEQ. 1994. Technical memorandum: preliminary remediation goals for the National Zinc Site, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Prepared by Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.