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CONTENTS     INTRODUCTION   1     THE HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND COMMUNICATIONS INITIATIVE   1     Development and Structure,   2     Technical Background and Progress,   2     Hardware and Networks,   3     Architectural and Programming Issues,   3     Architecture—Parallel computing,   3     Programming,   4     Current Status,   5     GAO and CBO Reports,   5     Reorganization of Science Policy Activities,   6     Budget,   6     OBSERVATIONS   7     An Effective Industry-Academia-Government Partnership,   7     Contributions to a Paradigm Shift,   7     Software and Algorithms Needed,   7     Progress on Network Technology,   7     Cooperative Efforts on Broad Research Topics,   8     Information Gathering,   8     NCO Support of Mission Agencies,   8     Advisory Committee for HPCCI,   9     RECOMMENDATIONS   9     A Stronger National Coordination Office,   9     Immediate Appointment of HPCCI Advisory Committee,   10     NOTES   10     APPENDIX   11