computer simulation to eliminate the time and cost of physically prototyping both products and processes.

6.  

Manufacturing Studies Board, National Research Council. 1988. A Research Agenda for CIM. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 13–15. It recommends research on methods and technologies for process operation analysis, optimization, control, and quality assurance and (on page 17) recommends research on methods for coupling process operation with process planning and resource allocation so that these activities can be accomplished concurrently.

7.  

Market trends include compressed order-to-delivery times and the broadening of options within product families.

8.  

Manufacturing Studies Board, National Research Council. 1988. A Research Agenda for CIM. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 11–13. It recommends research on a number of specific resource management modeling methods, e.g., modeling methods based on knowledge-based systems, object-oriented systems, and Petri nets; methods that are sufficiently fast and efficient that resource problems are tractable while plants are being designed and built, as well as being operated; methods for correcting models, based on comparisons of predicted and measured performance; and many more.



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