aRepresents appropriations transfers from federal agencies.
bRepresents portion of endowment income, business income, and gifts raised by the research centers or allocated to them by SI.
cIncludes travel and transportation; rent, communication, and utilities; printing and reproduction; other contractual services; supplies and materials; equipment and structures; and other costs.
dIncludes expenses for collections, exhibits and education, administration, facilities, and security and safety.
Wildlife Service (USFWS). Funds were also received from state and regional governments, nonprofit organizations, and private foundations. Only $400,000 of government grant and contract funds and $3.5 million of trust or gift and endowment funds were applied to salary costs.
Because SI receives a direct federal appropriation, its federal employees are not eligible for NSF support as a general policy, except in special circumstances when their contributions are deemed unique. Even with the latter exceptions, opportunities for Smithsonian curators are more constrained than those investigators in other eligible institutions.3 (Of all federal science agencies, NSF supports research that is, in general, most closely related to the topics covered by NMNH.) During discussions with NMNH department heads, the Committee found that there was considerable variation among the Museum’s departments in terms of success in winning research funds from NSF. The Department of Anthropology, for example, reported that it does not have funding from NSF and is barred from applying for NSF grants. The Department of Paleobiology reported, however, that it has had considerable success in obtaining funding from
The Committee consulted the NSF program directors for biotic surveys and inventories, and systematic biology regarding the eligibility of SI curators to apply for NSF grants.