watershed, and coastal ecology; and climate change, especially its effects on ecosystems. In its words,

SERC is dedicated to increasing knowledge of the biological and physical processes that sustain life on earth. SERC’s interdisciplinary research applies long-term studies to examine the ecological questions about landscapes of linked ecosystems, especially those impacted by human activities. SERC is the youngest of the Smithsonian organizations, but it has achieved an internationally recognized reputation for outstanding research on environmental problems and the ecology of the land-sea interface since its founding in 1965. The 14 principal investigators are supported by a staff of about 80 (federally supported and trust supported) on the SERC campus in Edgewater.

Research Support and Research Output

Research at SERC is supported by a combination of direct federal ap-propriations and funding from a variety of other sources, including federal, state, and local grants and contracts received by the principal investigators. In FY 2001, $1.2 million (36%) of the $3.3 million direct federal appropriation was spent on administrative, education, and other infrastructure costs (Table 2-6). The remainder of the direct appropriation was used for research, of which 82% was spent on staff salaries and benefits. The salaries of all but one staff scientist are paid by the federal appropriation. In addition to the federal funds, SERC received about $2.7 million from contracts and grants and $1.2 million from donations and other SI

TABLE 2-6 Estimated Research Expenses of SERC by Source for FY 2001 (in Millions of Dollars)

 

Federal Appropriations

Federal—Other

Government Grants and Contracts

Other Trust

Total

Research

2.1

0.1

2.2

0.8

5.2

Salaries and benefits

82%

33%

47%

46%

61%

Other research costs

18%

67%

53%

54%

39%

Other expensesa

1.2

0

0.5

0.4

2.1

TOTAL

3.3

0.1

2.7

1.2

7.3

aIncludes expenses for exhibits and education, administration, and facilities.



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