The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century
FIGURE 8–1 The Community Health Improvement Process (CHIP).
SOURCE: IOM (1997b).
Time Estimates for Research
Time estimates for each of these phases are imprecise, but experience has shown that, at a minimum, each phase will take at least 2 years in a modest-size program. A specific example of community-based research in which academia has the potential to contribute in many ways is the Community Health Improvement Process discussed in Chapter 4 (see Figure 8–1).
Unfortunately, academic institutions have undervalued community-based participatory research. It is sometimes perceived as lacking in rigorous methodology because it cannot use the randomized, single-intervention