professor of geriatrics and internal medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and director of the Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center at the Bronx Veterans Affairs Medical Center. She joined Mount Sinai in 1995 after 10 years as chief of general internal medicine at the University of Chicago, where she was also professor of medicine and public policy studies, chief of the Section on General Internal Medicine, director of the Center for Health Policy Research, and George M. Eisenberg Professor in Geriatrics, Health, and Society. Dr. Cassel’s numerous publications include the textbooks Geriatric Medicine: Principles and Practice (Springer, New York, 2003) and Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1981). Dr. Cassel is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences, past president of the American College of Physicians, and past chair of the American Board of Internal Medicine. She chairs the boards of trustees of the American Board of Internal Medicine, The Greenwall Foundation, and the Ethics Advisory Panel for the Kaiser Permanente Health System. She is a trustee of the Russell Sage Foundation. Dr. Cassel has served on several IOM committees: as the chair of the Committee on Care at the End of Life, as the chair of the Committee on Non-Heart Beating Organ Donation, and as a member of the Committee on Quality of Care in America.

Kaye W. Bender, Ph.D., R.N., F.A.A.N. (Mississippi Department of Health), was appointed deputy state health officer for the Mississippi State Department of Health in October 1998. As deputy, Dr. Bender is second in command of the statewide public health system. Before accepting this position, Dr. Bender served for 10 years as the chief of staff of the state health officer at the Mississippi State Department of Health. Her responsibilities included directing the Offices of Policy and Planning, Public Health Nursing, Field Services, and Primary Care Development, among others. Over her professional career, Dr. Bender has served in leadership positions as director of public health nursing, field services nurse consultant, District V supervising nurse, and maternal-child health nurse consultant with the Mississippi State Department of Health. Dr. Bender is active in the American Nurses Association, the Mississippi Nurses Association, the American Public Health Association, and the Association of Community Health Nursing Educators.

Lisa Berkman, Ph.D. (Harvard School of Public Health), is a social epidemiologist whose work focuses extensively on psychosocial influences on health outcomes. Her research has centered on understanding social inequalities in health related to socioeconomic status, different racial and ethnic groups, and social networks, support, and social isolation. The majority of her work is devoted to identifying the role of social networks and support in predicting declines in physical and cognitive functioning, onset



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