Appendix B
Acronym List

ABR

auditory brainstem response AHD acoustic harassment device

AIM

Acoustic Integration Model ANDES Ambient Noise Directionality Estimation System

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

ATOC

Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate

CASS

Comprehensive Acoustic System Simulation

CB

critical bandwidth CNSR critical noise-to-signal ratio

CR

critical ratio

CRF

corticotrophin releasing factor

DANM

Dynamic Ambient Noise Module

DAPS

Dynamic Ambient Noise Prediction System

ESME

Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment

FAO

Food and Agricultural Organization FFT fast Fourier transform

GRAB

Gaussian Ray Bundles

HITS

Historical Temporal Shipping



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Appendix B Acronym List ABR auditory brainstem response AHD acoustic harassment device AIM Acoustic Integration Model ANDES Ambient Noise Directionality Estimation System ANSI American National Standards Institute ATOC Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate CASS Comprehensive Acoustic System Simulation CB critical bandwidth CNSR critical noise-to-signal ratio CR critical ratio CRF corticotrophin releasing factor DANM Dynamic Ambient Noise Module DAPS Dynamic Ambient Noise Prediction System ESME Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment FAO Food and Agricultural Organization FFT fast Fourier transform GRAB Gaussian Ray Bundles HITS Historical Temporal Shipping

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IOS International Organization for Standardization LFA Low-Frequency Active (sonar) MMPA Marine Mammal Protection Act NAS National Academy of Sciences NAVOCEANO Naval Oceanographic Office NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOPP National Ocean Partnership Program NRC National Research Council NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council NSF National Science Foundation OAML Navy’s Oceanographic and Atmospheric Master Library ONR Office of Naval Research OSB Ocean Studies Board PE parabolic equation PTS permanent threshold shift RMS root mean squared RRF range reduction factor SOFAR sound fixing and ranging SOLMAR Sound, Oceanography, and Living Marine Resources Database SOSUS Sound Surveillance System SPAWAR Space and Naval Warfare TTS temporary threshold shift USFWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USGS U.S. Geological Survey