Appendix C
Examples of Underwater Acoustics Noise Models

NAVY MODELS OF UNDERWATER NOISE

Ambient Noise

Ambient Noise Directionality System (ANDES; Renner, 1986a, b, 1988)

Ambient Noise Model (AMBENT; Robinson and McConnell, 1983)

Noise Model (CNOIS; Estalote, 1984; Osborne, 1979)

Directional Ambient Noise (DANES; Lukas et al., 1980)

Directional Underwater Noise Estimation System (DUNES; Bannister et al., 1989)

Fast Ambient Noise Model (FANM; Cavanagh, 1974a, b; Lasky and Colilla, 1974)

Normal Mode Ambient Noise (Kuperman and Ingenito, 1980)

Research Ambient Noise Directionality Model (Wagstaff, 1973; Hamson and Wagstaff, 1983; Schreiner, 1990; Breeding, 1993)

CASS/GRAB (Weinberg and Keenan, 1996; Weinberg et al., 2001)

Dynamic Ambient Noise Prediction System (DAPS)

BEAM NOISE STATISTICS

Analytic

BBN Shipping Noise (BBN Technologies Noise, Inc.; Mahler et al., 1975; Moll et al., 1977, 1979)

Bell Telephone Laboratories (BTL; Goldman, 1974)



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Appendix C Examples of Underwater Acoustics Noise Models NAVY MODELS OF UNDERWATER NOISE Ambient Noise Ambient Noise Directionality System (ANDES; Renner, 1986a, b, 1988) Ambient Noise Model (AMBENT; Robinson and McConnell, 1983) Noise Model (CNOIS; Estalote, 1984; Osborne, 1979) Directional Ambient Noise (DANES; Lukas et al., 1980) Directional Underwater Noise Estimation System (DUNES; Bannister et al., 1989) Fast Ambient Noise Model (FANM; Cavanagh, 1974a, b; Lasky and Colilla, 1974) Normal Mode Ambient Noise (Kuperman and Ingenito, 1980) Research Ambient Noise Directionality Model (Wagstaff, 1973; Hamson and Wagstaff, 1983; Schreiner, 1990; Breeding, 1993) CASS/GRAB (Weinberg and Keenan, 1996; Weinberg et al., 2001) Dynamic Ambient Noise Prediction System (DAPS) BEAM NOISE STATISTICS Analytic BBN Shipping Noise (BBN Technologies Noise, Inc.; Mahler et al., 1975; Moll et al., 1977, 1979) Bell Telephone Laboratories (BTL; Goldman, 1974)

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USI Array Noise (Jeannette et al., 1978) Sonobuoy Noise (Shankey and McCabe, 1976) Simulation Beam Program Library (BEAMPL; Etter et al., 1984) Discreet Shipping Beam Noise Model (DSBN; Cavanagh, 1978) Narrow Beam Towed Array Model (NABTAM; Etter et al., 1984) Data compiled from P.C. Etter, 1996, Table 7.1.