Marshall, B.E., and H. Wollman. 1985. General anesthetics. Pp. 276-301 in Goodman and Gilman’s Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 7th Ed., A.G. Gilman, L.S. Goodman, T.W. Rall, and F. Murad, eds. New York: Macmillan.


Nordholm, A.F., J. Rossi III, G.D. Ritchie, S. McInturf, M.E. Hulme, C. McCool, L. Narayanan, K.L. MacMahon, J. Eggers, H.F. Leahy, and R.E. Wolfe. 1999. Repeated exposure of rats to JP-4 vapor induces changes in neurobehavioral capacity and 5HT/5-HIAA levels. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 56(7):471-499.

NRC (National Research Council). 1996. Permissible Exposure Levels for Selected Military Fuel Vapors. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Porter, H.O. 1990. Aviators intoxicated by inhalation of JP-5 fuel vapors. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 61(7):654-656.


Ritchie, G.D., K.R. Still, W.K. Alexander, A.F. Nordholm, C.L. Wilson, J. Rossi III and D.R. Mattie. 2001a. A review of the neurotoxicity risk of selected hydrocarbon fuels. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part B Crit. Rev. 4(3):223-312.

Ritchie, G.D., J. Rossi III, A.F. Nordholm, K.R. Still, R.L. Carpenter, G.R. Wenger, and D.W. Wright. 2001b. Effects of repeated exposure to JP-8 jet fuel vapor on learning of simple and difficult operant tasks by rats. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A 64(5):385-415.

Ritchie, G.D., G.R. Wenger, M.Y.V. Bekkedal, R.L. Carpenter, D. Wright, A.F. Nordholm, and J. Rossi III. 2000. Long-term effects of repeated exposure to JP-8 fuel vapor on higher cognitive capacity in rats. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 26:263.

Rossi, J., A.F. Nordholm, R.L. Carpenter, G.D. Ritchie, and W. Malcolm. 2001. Effects of repeated exposure of rats to JP-5 or JP-8 jet fuel vapor on neurobehavioral capacity and neurotransmitter levels . J. Toxicol. Environ. Health A 63(6):397-428.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement