FIGURE 2-4 Worldwide government R&D spending on nanotechnology. Note that Western Europe includes the European Union and Switzerland. Countries included in the “Other” category are Australia, Canada, China, the former Soviet Union, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and additional countries. Finally, the entry for Japan in 2001 includes a $140 million addition to the budget that may include some programs outside the definition of nanotechnology used by the NNI. SOURCE: Data from M.C. Roco, 2001. International strategy for nanotechnology research and development. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 3(5-6): 353–360.

REFERENCES

1. International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors. 2001. Available online at <http://public.itrs.net/> [July 1, 2002].

2. International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors. 2001. Available online at <http://public.itrs.net/> [July 1, 2002].

3. Compaño, R. 2000. Technology Roadmap for Nanoelectronics, second edition, November. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

4. MEMS Industry Group. 2001. 2001 Annual Report. Available online at <http://www.memsindustrygroup.org/arord01.htm> [July 2, 2002].

5. Roco, M.C., R.S. Williams, and P. Alivisatos. 2000. Nanotechnology Research Directions, IWGN Workshop Report. Boston, Mass.: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

6. National Science and Technology Council. 2000. National Technology Initiative: The Initiative and Its Implementation Plan. Available online at <http://www.nano.gov/nni2.pdf> [July 2, 2002].

7. Roco, M.C. 2001. International strategy for nanotechnology research and development. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 3(5-6): 353–360.



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