mentation of this agenda. This council should include representatives of EPA and USDA, the research community, and other relevant interests. It should have authority to advise on research priorities and funding.

  • Exchanges of personnel among the relevant agencies should be promoted to encourage efficient use of personnel, broadened understanding of the issues, and enhanced cooperation among the agencies.

  • For the short term, USDA and EPA should initiate and conduct a coordinated research program designed to produce a scientifically sound basis for measuring and estimating air emissions from AFOs on local, regional, and national scales.

  • For the long term, USDA, EPA, and other relevant organizations should conduct coordinated research to determine which emissions (to water and air) from animal production systems are most harmful to the environment and human health, and to develop technologies that decrease their releases into the environment. The overall research program should include research to optimize inputs to AFOs, optimize recycling of materials, and significantly decrease releases to the environment.

The reality of budget constraints in allocating research funds to address problems of air emissions requires a careful weighing of several factors, including those that affect both the implementation costs and the societal benefits. Finding 2 proposes a way of ranking both action and research opportunities among the emission substances based on amounts of concern or impacts and geographic scale of impacts. A more complete listing of factors is needed for setting both short- and long-term research priorities and for allocating research funds.

FINDING 13. Setting priorities for both short- and long-term research on estimating air emission rates, concentrations, and dispersion requires weighing the potential severity of adverse impacts, the extent of current scientific knowledge about them, the potential for advancing scientific knowledge, and the potential for developing successful mitigation and control strategies.


  • Short-term research priorities should improve estimates of emissions from individual AFOs including the effects of different control technologies:

  • Priority research for emissions important on a local scale should be conducted on odor, PM, and H2S (also see Finding 2).

  • Priority research for emissions important on regional, national, and

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