BOX 1.1 Impact of Weather on the U.S. Economy
SOURCE: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA economic statistics, May 2002, and references therein. Available at <http://126.96.36.199/pub/com/NOAAeconomicstatistics0402.pdf>.
and climate change plays an important role in diseases transmitted by insects and ticks, which are sensitive to variations in temperature and humidity.4 Weather and climate change also affect the distribution of native and invasive species.
Because of the pervasive influence of weather and climate on society, it is important to have the best weather and climate information the nation can afford. In the United States, the approach is to harness the resources and creativity of the government (primarily the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA] for civilian purposes), academia, and the private sector in the weather enterprise. Each of these sectors produces and disseminates weather products (e.g., drought maps, precipitation trends) and services (e.g., aviation forecasts) to carry out its respective mission: broadly speaking, NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS) is responsible for protecting life and property and enhancing the national economy;5 academia is responsible for advancing the science and educating future