paper, the first steps are to comprehensively recognize the weather and climate services enterprise and the need for the establishment of criteria and processes for judgments of appropriate roles and responsibilities. Weather and climate services are among the “last frontiers” of technology policy. In this regard, weather and climate services are following in the technology policy footsteps of areas such as biotechnology and information technology that have successfully tapped the power of the market to accelerate the transfer of knowledge into products and services that benefit society. Make no mistake: these areas with more developed technology policies continue to grapple with difficult questions at the interface of government, markets, and societal needs. But by taking these issues on, society is the ultimate beneficiary.