Collection and Dissemination


• GOES and POES are essential parts of the global observing system. They provide very high horizontal resolution data over the entire globe. These observations complement in situ observations, which tend to be concentrated over land areas. Satellite observations are especially important in the Southern Hemisphere, which has a very sparse network of in situ sensors

• Satellite data are used by the public, private, and academic sectors for a variety of applications, including weather forecasting and warnings, climate monitoring, ocean services, and research

• Other nations also operate geostationary and polar orbiting satellites, and these data are generally shared under the provisions of WMO Resolution 40


• Data are downloaded from the satellites to ground-receiving stations and from there to NCEP and other users via landlines. Many users also have their own ground-based satellite data receivers and process the data directly upon receipt for their own uses

ITWS = Integrated Terminal Weather System; MDCRS = Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting System; METAR = aviation routine weather report; MON = Marine Observation Network; NCC = Network Control Center; NCDC = National Climatic Data Center; NCEP = National Centers for Environmental Prediction; NDBC = National Data Buoy Center; NESDIS = National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service; NEXRAD = NEXt generation weather RADar; NPOESS = National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System; NWA = Northwest Airlines; NLDN = National Lightning Detection Network; NMHS = National Meteorological and Hydrological Services; NWS = National Weather Service; NWP = Numerical Weather Prediction; NWSTG = NWS Telecommunications Gate; OAR = Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research; RDA = Radar Data Acquisition; SPECI = Special Meteorological Aeronautical Report; UAL = United Airlines; UPS = U.S. Postal Service; USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture; USGS = U.S. Geological Survey; WMO = World Meteorological Organization; WSFO = NWS Forecast Office.

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