participants should encourage their institutions to commit to achieving that goal.

In its exploration of sharing publication-related materials, the committee identified the following principles of publication:

Principle 4. Authors of scientific publications should anticipate which materials integral to their publications are likely to be requested and should state in the “Materials and Methods” section or elsewhere how to obtain them. If an MTA is required, the URL of a Web site where the MTA can be viewed should be provided. If the authors do not have rights to distribute the material, they should supply contact information for their original source. A frequently requested reagent can be made reasonably available in the commercial market or by an author’s laboratory for a modest fee to cover the costs of production, quality control, updating, and shipping.

Principle 5. If a material integral to a publication is patented, the provider of the material should make the material available under a license for research use.

The following recommendations address actions that, if adopted by the life-sciences community, would expedite the process of sharing publication-related materials:

Recommendation 2. It is appropriate for scientific reviewers of a paper submitted for publication to help to identify materials that are integral to the publication and likely to be requested by others and to point out cases in which authors need to provide additional information on obtaining them.

Recommendation 3. It is not acceptable for the provider of a publication-related material to demand an exclusive license to commercialize a new substance that a recipient makes with the



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