Appendix B
Planned ISS Combustion-Related Investigations Through 2006

Investigation and Principal Investigator

Hardware Availability

Flight Date

Facility Required

Target Application(s)

Fiber Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC-3)

Forman Williams et al.,

University of California, San Diego

May-03

May-03

MSG

Diesel and jet engine efficiencies

Smoke Point in Coflow Experiment (SPICE)

Gerard Faeth

Michigan State University

Sep-03

Oct-03

MSG

Pollution reduction

Candle Flames in Microgravity (CFM-2)a

Daniel Dietrich

NASA, Glenn Research Center

Feb-04

Feb-04

MSG

Fundamental study of microgravity flammability Educational value

Smoke

David Urban

NASA, Glenn Research Center

Sep-04

Oct-04

MSG

Spacecraft fire safety

Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE-2)

Forman Williams

University of California, San Diego

Jan-03

Jul-04

CIR

Diesel and jet engine efficiencies

Spacecraft fire safety

Data key to validating combustion analytical codes

Bi-Component Droplet Combustion Experiment (BCDCE)

Benjamin Shaw

University of California, Davis

Jan-03

Jul-04

CIR

Diesel and jet engine efficiencies

Practical fuels are multicomponent in nature

Liquid motion strongly affects combustion and vaporization behavior.

Sooting and Radiation Effects in Droplet Combustion Experiment (SEDC)

Mun Choi

Drexel University

Oct-04

Jan-05

CIR

Diesel and jet engine efficiencies

Pollution reduction

Measurements benchmark evolving droplet combustion and soot models

Dynamics of Droplet Combustion and Extinction Experiment (DDCE)

Vedha Nayagam

National Center for Microgravity Research

Mar-05

Apr-05

CIR

Diesel and jet engine efficiencies

Spacecraft fire safety

Enhancement of spacecraft fire safety by establishing a detailed mapping of flammability limits of liquid fuels.

Flammability Diagrams of Combustible Materials in Microgravity (FIST)

A.C. Fernandez-Pello

University of California, Berkeley

Apr-06

Apr-06

CIR

Spacecraft fire safety

Improve material screening

Important implications for safety of future space missions

Smolder, Transition, and Flaming (STAF)

A.C. Fernandez-Pello

University of California, Berkeley

Apr-06

Apr-06

CIR

Spacecraft fire safety.

Terrestrial (building) fire safety

Long-duration smoldering and transition to flames

NOTE: The last two investigations may slip into 2007 owing to funding limitations. CIR, Combustion Integrated Rack; MSG, Microgravity Science Glovebox.

aThe candle flame is an ideal example of a non-propagating, steady-state diffusion flame.



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Factors Affecting the Utilization of the International Space Station for Research in the Biological and Physical Sciences Appendix B Planned ISS Combustion-Related Investigations Through 2006 Investigation and Principal Investigator Hardware Availability Flight Date Facility Required Target Application(s) Fiber Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC-3) Forman Williams et al., University of California, San Diego May-03 May-03 MSG Diesel and jet engine efficiencies Smoke Point in Coflow Experiment (SPICE) Gerard Faeth Michigan State University Sep-03 Oct-03 MSG Pollution reduction Candle Flames in Microgravity (CFM-2)a Daniel Dietrich NASA, Glenn Research Center Feb-04 Feb-04 MSG Fundamental study of microgravity flammability Educational value Smoke David Urban NASA, Glenn Research Center Sep-04 Oct-04 MSG Spacecraft fire safety Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE-2) Forman Williams University of California, San Diego Jan-03 Jul-04 CIR Diesel and jet engine efficiencies Spacecraft fire safety Data key to validating combustion analytical codes Bi-Component Droplet Combustion Experiment (BCDCE) Benjamin Shaw University of California, Davis Jan-03 Jul-04 CIR Diesel and jet engine efficiencies Practical fuels are multicomponent in nature Liquid motion strongly affects combustion and vaporization behavior. Sooting and Radiation Effects in Droplet Combustion Experiment (SEDC) Mun Choi Drexel University Oct-04 Jan-05 CIR Diesel and jet engine efficiencies Pollution reduction Measurements benchmark evolving droplet combustion and soot models Dynamics of Droplet Combustion and Extinction Experiment (DDCE) Vedha Nayagam National Center for Microgravity Research Mar-05 Apr-05 CIR Diesel and jet engine efficiencies Spacecraft fire safety Enhancement of spacecraft fire safety by establishing a detailed mapping of flammability limits of liquid fuels. Flammability Diagrams of Combustible Materials in Microgravity (FIST) A.C. Fernandez-Pello University of California, Berkeley Apr-06 Apr-06 CIR Spacecraft fire safety Improve material screening Important implications for safety of future space missions Smolder, Transition, and Flaming (STAF) A.C. Fernandez-Pello University of California, Berkeley Apr-06 Apr-06 CIR Spacecraft fire safety. Terrestrial (building) fire safety Long-duration smoldering and transition to flames NOTE: The last two investigations may slip into 2007 owing to funding limitations. CIR, Combustion Integrated Rack; MSG, Microgravity Science Glovebox. aThe candle flame is an ideal example of a non-propagating, steady-state diffusion flame.