EML

Electromagnetic Levitation (facility)

ergometer

instrument for measuring the amount of work done by a muscle or group of muscles

ESA

European Space Agency

ESL

Electrostatic Levitation (facility)

eukaryote

cellular organism having a membrane-bound nucleus within which the genome of the cell is stored as chromosomes composed of DNA

EXPRESS rack

Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station-a standardized payload rack that transports, stores, and supports experiments aboard the ISS


FCF

Fluids and Combustion Facility

FIR

Fluids Integrated Rack


GCR

galactic cosmic ray

gravitaxis

directed locomotory response to gravity

gravitropism

natural tendency for biological organisms or specific cells or organs of an organism to respond to the stimulus of gravity


HEDS

Human Exploration and Development of Space

HRF

Human Research Facility

hypergravity

conditions where the force of gravity is stronger than 1 g

hypogravity

conditions where the force of gravity is weaker than 1 g

HZE

high Z, high energy


IMCE

ISS Management and Cost Evaluation

immunosuppression

lowering of the body's normal immune response to invasion by foreign substances

ISS

International Space Station


JEM-EF

Japanese Experimental Module-Exposed Facility

LBNP

lower body negative pressure

JSC

Johnson Space Center


LET

linear energy transfer

LGF

Low Gradient Furnace

LTMPEF

Low Temperature Microgravity Physics Experiments Facility


mechanoreception

response to a mechanical stimulus, as in detection of touch

microneurography

procedure involving insertion of a small needle in an accessible nerve just below the knee to directly measure the nerve signals traveling from the brain to the blood vessels

MISTE

Microgravity Scaling Theory Experiment

morphogenesis

formation of the structure of an organism or part; differentiation and growth of tissues and organs during development



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